Analysis of Th and U in thorium-based mixed-oxide fuel using wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer

  • A. Pandey
  • S. Dhara
  • F. A. Khan
  • A. Kelkar
  • Pradeep Kumar
  • R. B. Bhatt
  • P. G. Behere


A precise and accurate compositional characterization methodology using wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence (WDXRF) spectrometry for mixed oxide nuclear fuels is reported. The methodology involves pelletization of standards and samples. The calibration plots were made by plotting the percent intensity of analyte X-ray lines against their amount percent. The relative standard deviation were 0.4% and 0.25%, respectively for uranium and thorium, having U ranging from 2.85 to 4.2 (wt%). The analytical results were compared with chemical analysis method and were in good agreement. The developed WDXRF method is non-destructive, fast and better in comparison to chemical analysis methods.


Uranium Thorium Mixed oxides WDXRF Nuclear fuel 



The authors sincerely thank their colleagues from CQC and AFFF for providing the samples and carrying out various analyses. The authors are also thankful to Dr. N. L. Misra, FCD, BARC for his technical guidance throughout this work.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Advanced Fuel Fabrication FacilityBhabha Atomic Research CentreTarapurIndia
  2. 2.Fuel Chemistry DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CentreMumbaiIndia
  3. 3.Homi Bhabha National InstituteAnushaktinagar, MumbaiIndia
  4. 4.Integrated Fuel Fabrication FacilityBhabha Atomic Research CentreMumbaiIndia

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