Advertisement

210Pb/210Po isotope generator

  • Kelly N. Kmak
  • John D. Despotopulos
  • Dawn A. Shaughnessy
Article
  • 25 Downloads

Abstract

As a continuation of previous work (Kmak et al. in J Radioanal Nucl Chem 314:985–989, 2017), an isotope generator column based on the 210Pb decay chain has been made to produce highly radiopure 210Po. Two replicate studies were performed on AG 50Wx8 columns with an average yield of 90.4 ± 1.9%. 210Pb breakthrough was seen at the 6 month elution for both generators.

Keywords

Polonium Lead Isotope generator Cation exchange chromatography 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344. This work was funded by the Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program at LLNL under project tracking code 17-LW-035. This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration through the Nuclear Science and Security Consortium under Award Number DE-NA0003180. The authors would like to thank Keenan J Thomas and the Nuclear Counting Facility at LLNL for their expertise with the counting systems.

References

  1. 1.
    Kmak KN, Despotopulos JD, Shaughnessy DA (2017) Separation of Pb, Bi and Po by cation exchange resin. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 314:985–989CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ohno Y, Kurata Y, Miyahara S, Katsura R, Yoshida S (2006) Equilibrium evaporation behavior of polonium and its homologue tellurium in liquid lead–bismuth eutectic. J Nucl Sci Technol 43:1359–1369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Matthews K, Kim C, Martin P (2007) Determination of Po-210 in environmental materials: a review of analytical methodology. Appl Radiat Isot 65:267–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Buongiorno J, Larson RC (2003) Speciation of polonium released from molten lead bismuth. Radiochim Acta 91:153–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Obara T, Miura T, Sekimoto H (2005) Fundamental study of polonium contamination by neutron irradiated lead–bismuth eutectic. J Nucl Mater 343:297–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Obara T, Miura T, Sekimoto H (2005) Development of polonium surface contaimination measure in lead-bismuth eutectic coolent. Prog Nucl Energy 47:577–585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Obara T, Koga T, Miura T, Sekimoto H (2008) Polonium evaporation and adhesion experiments for the development of polonium filter in lead–bismuth cooled reactors. Prog Nucl Energy 50:556–559CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Obara T, Yamazawa Y, Sasa T (2011) Polonium decontamination performance of stainless steel mesh filter for lead alloy-cooled reactors. Prog Nucl Energy 53:1056–1060CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Feuerstein H, Oschinski J, Horn S (1992) Behavior of Po-210 in molten Pb-17Li. J Nucl Mater 191–194:288–291Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Younes A, Montavon G, Gouin S, André-Joyaux E, Peumery R, Chalopin T, Alliot C, Mokili M, Champion J, Deniaud D (2017) Investigation of a new “N2S2O2” chelating agent with high Po(IV) affinity. Chem Commun 53:6492–6495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jia G, Belli M, Blasi M, Marchetti A, Rosamilia S, Sansone U (2000) Pb-210 and Po-210 determination in environmental samples. Appl Radiat Isot 53:115–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ryan T, Dowdall A, McGarry A, Pollard D, Cunningham J (1999) 210Po in Mytilus edulis in the Irish marine environment. J Environ Radioact 43:325–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Younes A, Montavon G, Alliot C, Mokili M, Haddad F, Deniaud D, Champion J (2014) A route for polonium-210 production from alpha-particle irradiated bismuth-209 target. Radiochim Acta 35:77–90Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Younes A, Alliot C, Mokili M, Maurice R, Montavon G, Champion J (2015) Speciation of polonium in aqueous solution. In: Third international conference on Po and radioactive Pb isotopes, Kuşadası, TurkeyGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Marsh F, Pillay K (1993) Effects of ionizing radiation on modern ion exchange materials, LA-U655-MS. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los AlamosCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Cetnar J (2006) General solution of Bateman equations for nuclear transmutations. Ann Nucl Energy 33:640–645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lund/LBNL Nuclear Data Search “Table of Radioactive Isotopes” (1999) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. http://nucleardata.nuclear.lu.se/toi/index.asp. Accessed 24 Feb 2018
  18. 18.
    Knoll GF (2010) Radiation detection and measurement, 4th edn. Wiley, HobokenGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    National Nuclear Data Center “NNDC” (2013) Brookhaven National Laboratory. http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/. Accessed 4 April 2017
  20. 20.
    The DOW Chemical Company (1958) Dowex: ion exchange. The Dow Chemical Company, MidlandGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Helfferich F (1962) Ion exchange. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Specht S, Schutz B, Born H (1974) Development of a high-pressure ion-exchange system for raid preparative separations of trans-uranium elements. J Radioanal Chem 21:167–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Paar W, Chen T, Keller P (1984) A new mineral, scotlandite (PbSO3) from Leadhills, Scotland; the first naturally occurring sulphite. Min Mag 48:283–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Stern K (2001) High temperature properties and thermal decomposition of inorganic salts with oxyanions. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ichikawa T, Hagiwara Z (1973) Effect of gamma-irradiation on a cation exchanger. J Nucl Sci Technol 10:746CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kelly N. Kmak
    • 1
  • John D. Despotopulos
    • 2
  • Dawn A. Shaughnessy
    • 2
  1. 1.University of California, BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Lawrence Livermore National LaboratoryNuclear and Chemical Sciences DivisionLivermoreUSA

Personalised recommendations