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Oxygen-rich porous carbons from carbonyl modified hyper-cross-linked polymers for efficient CO2 capture

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Abstract

A series of carbonyl modified hyper-cross-linked polymers (HCPs) with different porosity was prepared and they were carbonized for production of oxygen-rich porous carbons. The results show that these carbons have high Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area (440–1769 m2/g) and outstanding microporosity (72–87%), the oxygen is greatly improved after the carbonization with the oxygen content of 20.7–29.2 wt%. The CO2 uptake of PDVC-700-1 is the highest with the value of 303 mg/g at 273 K and 1.0 bar and PDV-pc has the highest CO2/N2 selectivity of 46.8. Interestingly, the CO2 adsorption is linear correlated to the ultramicropore volume (d < 1.0 nm) with the correlation coefficient of 0.9935 (273 K, 1.0 bar) and the O content also plays a role in CO2 adsorption. These porous carbons have medium adsorption heat (28.5–34.9 kJ/mol) with an excellent desorption and repeated use performance.

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Acknowledgments

The National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51673216) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities Central South University (No. 2018zzts116) are acknowledged for the financial supports.

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Correspondence to Jianhan Huang.

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Sang, Y., Chen, G. & Huang, J. Oxygen-rich porous carbons from carbonyl modified hyper-cross-linked polymers for efficient CO2 capture. J Polym Res 27, 36 (2020) doi:10.1007/s10965-020-2009-9

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Keywords

  • Porous carbons
  • Hyper-cross-linked polymers
  • CO2 capture