Trajectories of Dating Violence Victimization and Perpetration among Rural Adolescents
- 139 Downloads
Research is inconclusive about the trajectory of dating violence during adolescence and whether there are differences across gender and race/ethnicity. We examined dating victimization and perpetration trajectories among a diverse sample of rural youth (N = 580, 52.7% female, 49% Black, 39% White, 11% Hispanic or other minorities) in middle and high school who were surveyed annually across four years and explored the influences of gender and ethnicity. The results based on cohort-sequential latent growth modeling revealed that for boys, victimization peaked at 11th grade, and then declined. For girls, victimization was stable throughout adolescence. Perpetration was reported less frequently and increased steadily for males and females. For White youth, victimization peaked at grades 9 and 10, followed by a decline. For Black youth, victimization followed a linear increase. Perpetration trajectory followed a linear increase for White and Black but not Hispanic youth. The findings indicate that the developmental progression of dating violence during adolescence varies by demographics. The discussion focuses on future directions for research on teen dating violence among rural youth and implications for prevention and interventions initiatives.
KeywordsAdolescent dating violence Rural youth Victimization and perpetration trajectories Cohort-sequential design
N.S. conceived of the study, participated in its design and coordination and wrote the manuscript with support from all authors; D.K. conducted statistical analyses, participated in interpretation of results and designed the figures; M.P.T. provided critical revisions of the manuscript, participated in the design and provided logical suggestions; M.A.S. helped to draft the introduction and conclusion sections; J.R.M. is the principal investigator of the study, and participated in its design and coordination. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
This research was sponsored by Grant 5R01HD0607505 from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. PI: J.R.M.
Data Sharing and Declaration
The datasets generated and/or analyzed during the current study are not publicly available but are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee (Clemson University Institutional Review Board, protocol number is IRB2011-065) and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study. No identifiable information from participants were included in the manuscript.
- Chiodo, D., Crooks, C. V., Wolfe, D. A., McIsaac, C., Hughes, R., & Jaffe, P. G. (2012). Longitudinal prediction and concurrent functioning of adolescent girls demonstrating various profiles of dating violence and victimization. Prevention Science, 13, 350–359. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11121-011-0236-3.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Connoly, J., Friedlander, L., Pepler, D., Craig, W., & Laporte, L. (2010). The ecology of adolescent dating aggression: Attitudes, relationships, media use, and socio-demographic risk factors. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment, & Trauma, 19, 469–491. https://doi.org/10.1080/10926771.2010.495028.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Copp, J. E., & Johnson, W. L. (2015). Patterns, precursors, and consequences of teen dating violence: analyzing gendered and generic pathways. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice Report NCJ249002. U.S. Department of Justice. https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/249002.pdf.
- Eaton, A., & Stephens, D. P. (2018). Adolescent dating violence among ethnically diverse youth. In D. Wolfe & J. F. Temple (Eds), Adolescent dating violence: theory, research, and prevention (pp. 233–260). Academic Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
- Fedina, L., Howard, D. E., Wang, M. Q., & Murray, K. (2016). Teen dating violence victimization, perpetration, and sexual health correlates among urban, low-Income, ethnic, and racial minority youth. International Quarterly of Community Health Education, 37, 3–12. https://doi.org/10.1177/0272684X16685249.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Foshee, V. A., Bauman, K. E., Ennett, S. T., Linder, G. F., Benefield, T., & Suchindran, C. (2004). Assessing the long-term effects of the Safe Dates program and a booster in preventing and reducing adolescent dating violence victimization and perpetration. American Journal of Public Health, 94(4), 619–624.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Foshee, V. A., Karriker-Jaffe, K. J., McNaughton Reyes, H. L., Ennett, S. T., Suchindran, C., Bauman, K. E., & Benefield, T. S. (2008). What accounts for demographic differences in trajectories of adolescent dating violence? An examination of intrapersonal and contextual mediators. Journal of Adolescent Health, 42(6), 596–604.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Foshee, V. A., McNaughton Reyes, H. L., & Ennett, S. T. (2010). Examination of sex and race differences in longitudinal predictors of the initiation of adolescent dating violence perpetration. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment, & Trauma, 19, 492–516. https://doi.org/10.1080/10926771.2010.495032.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Leadbeater, B. Connolly, J., & Temple, J. F. (2018). Changing your status in a changing world: it is complicated! A developmental systems framework for understanding dating violence in adolescents and young adults. In D. Wolfe & J. F. Temple (Eds), Adolescent dating violence: theory, research, and prevention (pp. 3–17). Academic Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
- Orpinas, P., Hsieh, H.-L., Song, X., Holland, K., & Nahapetyan, L. (2013). Trajectories of physical dating violence from middle to high school: association with relationship quality and acceptability of aggression. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42, 551–565. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-012-9881-5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Peskin, M. F., Shegog, M. R., Bumler, E. R., Addy, R. C., Temple, J. R., & Hernandez, B. (2019). Adolescent dating violence prevention program for early adolescents: The Me & You randomized controlled trial, 2014–2015. American Journal of Public Health, 109, 1419–1428. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305218.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Sears, H. A., Byers, S. E., & Price, L. E. (2007). The co-occurrence of adolescent boys’ and girls’ use of psychologically, physically, and sexually abusive behaviours in their dating relationships. Journal of Adolescence, 30, 487–504. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2006.05.002.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Shorey, R. C., Cohen, J. R., Lu, Y., Fite, P. J., Stuart, G. L., & Temple, J. R. (2017). Age of onset for physical and sexual teen dating violence perpetration: a longitudinal investigation. Preventive Medicine, 105, 275–279. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.10.008.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Showalter, D., Klein, R., Johnson, J., & Hartman, S. L. (2017). Why rural matters 2015–2016: understanding the changing landscape. (Report of the Rural School and Community Trust). Washington, DC: Rural School and Community Trust. http://www.ruraledu.org/user_uploads/file/WRM-2015-16.pdf.
- Ybarra, M. L., Espelage, D. L., Langhinrichsen-Rohling, J., & Korchmaros, J. D. (2016). Lifetime prevalence rates and overlap of physical, psychological, and sexual dating abuse perpetration and victimization in a national sample of youth. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 45, 1083–1099.CrossRefGoogle Scholar