The Journal of Technology Transfer

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 1367–1395 | Cite as

University technology transfer efficiency in a factor driven economy: the need for a coherent policy in Egypt

  • David A. KirbyEmail author
  • Hala H. El Hadidi


The article examines the effectiveness of instruments to promote technology transfer and foster entrepreneurial innovation in Egypt where there are individual measures but no comprehensive, unified policy or strategy to promote the transfer and commercialisation of the intellectual property stemming from university research. The study examines the extent of technology transfer in the country and the effectiveness of the various existing measures through a four-phase investigation involving in-depth interviews with experts, a questionnaire survey of 400 Egyptian Science, Engineering and Technology academics, three case studies of Technology Transfer Offices and a 237 respondent industry survey. The results indicate that despite the measures that have been introduced, there is little university–industry collaboration and that the interventions are of limited effectiveness. The article concludes that there is a need for a broad, national co-ordinating policy that encourages universities and industry to collaborate, particularly on research, and to engage in the transference and commercialisation of technology.


Technology transfer Efficiency Factor-driven economy Egypt National policy 

JEL Classifications

D04 D02 E61 I23 I25 I28 L32 L53 L88 O25 O38 



The research was part-funded under the 2013 Emerald/EFMD MENA Management Research Fund Award.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The British University in EgyptCairoEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Business AdministrationThe British University in EgyptCairoEgypt

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