The effects of technology transfers and institutional factors on economic growth: evidence from Europe and Oceania
Most of the literature on technology transfers (TTs) has tended to focus on a country or regional level without looking at the cross-continent flows of knowledge that are becoming ever more important due to regional trading blocs. This study fills the gap on the role of cross-continent TTs and institutional factors by focusing on the impact of environment related patents on economic growth. The continents selected for comparison are Europe and Oceania, which differ in terms of economic climate, geography and sustainability policies. In this way, we contribute to the literature on cross-continent TT policies by examining how environmental patents influence the economic growth rate of continents. This will help provide government policy with better means of enhancing TT. We conclude with the implications for managers, theory and policy in conjunction with the limitations and suggestions for future research.
KeywordsClimate change Economic growth Environmental patents Europe Institutional factors Oceania Technology transfer
JEL ClassificationL26 M10 O3
The authors would like to thank to NECE-Research Unit in Business Sciences funded by the Multiannual Funding Programme of R&D Centres of FCT-Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, under the Project UID/GES/04630/2019.
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