The Journal of Technology Transfer

, Volume 44, Issue 6, pp 1665–1672 | Cite as

Geographical clustering and the evaluation of cluster policies: introduction

  • Uwe Cantner
  • Holger GrafEmail author
  • Michael Rothgang


The article introduces the special section on “Geographical Clustering and the Evaluation of Cluster Policies”. We first provide a motivation of cluster policies and briefly review the state of the art in cluster evaluation research. We proceed with summaries of the papers comprising the special section, which take different perspectives and cover distinct facets of cluster policy evaluation. The papers identify challenges for evaluation by highlighting the variety of approaches towards cluster policies addressed at different policy levels. Additional challenges for an identification of policy impact result from the complexity as well as the timing of policy effects. Thus, proper evaluations should employ and combine a broad set of evaluation methods. Based on the main lessons learned, we finally propose several avenues for future research to cope with these challenges.


Clusters Cluster policy Policy evaluation 

JEL Classification

D78 H50 O38 R32 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Economics and Business AdministrationFriedrich Schiller University JenaJenaGermany
  2. 2.Department of Marketing and ManagementUniversity of Southern DenmarkOdense MDenmark
  3. 3.RWI - Leibniz Institute for Economic ResearchEssenGermany

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