A conceptual framework for studying science research careers

  • Carolina Cañibano
  • Richard Woolley
  • Eric J. Iversen
  • Sybille Hinze
  • Stefan Hornbostel
  • Jakob Tesch
Article
  • 75 Downloads

Abstract

The emergence of open science and new data practices is changing the way research is done. Opportunities to access data through purpose built platforms and repositories, combined with emerging data and meta-data curation practices are expanding data availability in many fields. This paper presents a conceptual framework for studying scientific research careers, motivated by opportunities to link empirical datasets to construct new analyses that address remaining and emerging knowledge gaps. The research career conceptual framework (RCCF) emerges from a review of relevant theories and empirical findings regarding research careers. The paper reviews existing models and develops a typology of research careers. It also compiles a list of variables drawn from the literature on research careers. Two preliminary demonstrations of linking datasets to address empirical questions are outlined. The final discussion advocates an approach to emerging data opportunities that combines theories and models with empirical research questions as being superior to an approach that produces ad hoc explanations on the basis of ‘data fishing’ exercises.

Keywords

Research careers Open data RISIS platform 

JEL Classification

I23 O33 Y10 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge financial support from the European Commission’s project “Research Infrastructure for Research and Innovation Policy Studies” (RISIS, Grant Agreement Number: 313082). The research for this paper was conducted as part of the RISIS work package “Integrating framework and dataset for analysing research careers” (WP24). The authors would also like to thank Monica Gaughan for her advice and support in the development of the work package activities and her comments on this paper.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Glossary

CDH

Careers of Doctorate Holders (OECD Project)

EC

European Commission

ERA

European Research Area

ESF

European Science Foundation

EUPRO

Database on European Framework Programs

ETER

The European Tertiary Education Register

HRST

Human Resources in Science and Technology

LERU

League of European Research Universities

MNE

Multinational Enterprise

MS

Member State (of the European Union)

NSF

National Science Foundation (USA)

POCARIM

Mapping the Population, Careers, Mobilities and Impacts of Advanced Degree Graduates in the Social Sciences and Humanities (European Project, 7th Framework Program)

RCCF

Research Career Conceptual Framework

RISIS

Research Infrastructure for Research and Innovation Policy Studies

RPO

Research Performing Organization

SSH

Social Sciences and Humanities

STHC

Scientific and Technological Human Capital

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.INGENIO, CSIC- Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Ciudad Politécnica de la InnovaciónValenciaSpain
  2. 2.NIFU (Nordic Institute for Studies in Innovation, Research and Education)OsloNorway
  3. 3.DZHW (German Centre for Higher Education Research and Science Studies)BerlinGermany

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