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The Journal of Technology Transfer

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 97–131 | Cite as

Dynamic effects of learning on the innovative outputs and productivity in Spanish multinational enterprises

  • Francisco J. Santos-Arteaga
  • Celia Torrecillas
  • Madjid TavanaEmail author
Article

Abstract

Empirical studies have consistently illustrated the existence of a relationship between the level of productivity and the international commitment of firms. Few studies have considered the effects of learning by foreign direct investment (FDI). We use a sample of Spanish manufacturing firms to analyze the effect that the multinational enterprise status of a firm has on its ex-post innovative performance and productivity. Our findings reveal dynamic positive effects of FDI on the technological performance of firms, with increments in patents and product innovation taking place before subsequent increments in productivity occur.

Keywords

Learning by FDI Firm heterogeneity Knowledge flows Productivity Innovative performance 

JEL Classification

O33 F23 O31 L25 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Francisco J. Santos-Arteaga and Celia Torrecillas acknowledge the support provided by the Research Project Ref. ECO2010-16609 funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation. The authors would like to thank Isabel Alvarez Gonzalez for her valuable contribution to the initial research giving place to the current manuscript. The authors would also like to thank the anonymous reviewers and the editor for their insightful comments and suggestions.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francisco J. Santos-Arteaga
    • 1
  • Celia Torrecillas
    • 2
    • 3
  • Madjid Tavana
    • 4
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculty of Economics and ManagementFree University of BolzanoBolzanoItaly
  2. 2.Departamento de Economía y FinanzasUniversidad Europea de MadridMadridSpain
  3. 3.Instituto Complutense de Estudios InternacionalesUniversidad Complutense de MadridMadridSpain
  4. 4.Business Systems and Analytics Department, Distinguished Chair of Business AnalyticsLa Salle UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  5. 5.Business Information Systems Department, Faculty of Business Administration and EconomicsUniversity of PaderbornPaderbornGermany

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