Statistical Mechanical Expressions of Slip Length
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We provide general derivations of the partial slip boundary condition from microscopic dynamics and linearized fluctuating hydrodynamics. The derivations are based on the assumption of separation of scales between microscopic behavior, such as collision of particles, and macroscopic behavior, such as relaxation of fluid to global equilibrium. These derivations lead to several statistical mechanical expressions of the slip length, which are classified into two types. The expression in the first type is given as a local transport coefficient, which is related to the linear response theory that describes the relaxation process of the fluid. The second type is related to the linear response theory that describes the non-equilibrium steady state and the slip length is given as combination of global transport coefficients, which are dependent on macroscopic lengths such as a system size. Our derivations clarify that the separation of scales must be seriously considered in order to distinguish the expressions belonging to two types. Based on these linear response theories, we organize the relationship among the statistical mechanical expressions of the slip length suggested in previous studies.
KeywordsHydrodynamics Boundary condition Slip length Green–Kubo formula Linearized fluctuating hydrodynamics
The authors would like to thank A. Yoshimori, M. Itami and Y. Minami for helpful comments. The present study was supported by KAKENHI (Nos. 17H01148).
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