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Historical records of earthquakes for Greenland and Labrador in Moravian Missionary journals

  • Gaston R. Demarée
  • Astrid E. J. Ogilvie
  • David Kusman
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
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Abstract

In the general seismological literature, there is scant information regarding historical earthquakes in Greenland and Labrador. This paper seeks to redress this by focusing on earthquakes during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries (to the early 1870s) in western Greenland and Labrador, regions bordering Davis Strait. The information is drawn primarily from the journals of Danish and Moravian missionaries and missionary newspapers. The missionaries were keen observers of nature and natural phenomena, and their records constitute a reliable source of climatic and environmental information.

Keywords

Historical seismology Labrador Greenland Moravian Brethren 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to Thierry Camelbeeck, Royal Observatory of Belgium, and to Mustapha Meghraoui, Université de Strasbourg, for a critical reading of the draft text. They are also grateful to their anonymous reviewers. They also wish to thank Professor Hans Rollman for sharing his extensive knowledge of the Moravian missionaries. Sincere thanks are due to the Unitätsarchiv, Herrnhut, for having provided scans of the maps with the missionary stations.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Royal Meteorological Institute of BelgiumBrusselsBelgium
  2. 2.A.E.J. Ogilvie, Stefansson Arctic Institute and the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research – INSTAARBoulderUSA
  3. 3.Université Libre de BruxellesBrusselsBelgium

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