Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

, Volume 32, Issue 10, pp 3165–3170 | Cite as

Flux Pinning Mechanism in BaSnO3-Added GdBa2Cu3O7-x Films with Different Thickness

  • J. Y. Oh
  • W. N. Kang
  • B. KangEmail author
Original Paper


Types of flux pinning mechanism in pure and BaSnO3 (BSO)-added GdBa2Cu3O7-x (GdBCO) superconducting films have been determined by using the Dew-Hughes model. We have found that as the BSO content increases up to 4 wt%, dominant pinning mechanism of GdBCO films has changed from normal surface pinning due to intrinsic linear defects to normal point pinning by BSO addition. Careful analysis on the scaling of the flux pinning for the 4 wt% BSO-doped GdBCO films with various film thicknesses revealed that the pinning mechanism came from the hybrid pinning of two kinds of pinning types. In addition to the normal point pinning by BSO addition, another type of Δκ-pinning was observed to be prominent in the thinner films in low magnetic field region as normal point pinning was deteriorated. Through the EXAFS analysis, it was found that the Δκ-pinning is possibly originated from the oxygen deficiency in localized position. These results suggested that film thickness directly affects the flux pinning mechanism of the BSO-doped GdBCO films, and in the application point of view, an optimization of the film thickness may be crucial to operate normal point pinning induced by BSO addition.


GdBCO BSO Flux pinning mechanism EXAFS 


Funding Information

This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIT) (NRF-2018R1A2B6004784).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsChungbuk National UniversityCheongjuRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsSungkyunkwan UniversitySuwonRepublic of Korea

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