Structural, Bulk Permittivity, and Magnetic Properties of Lead-Free Electronic Material: Ba1Bi1Cu1Fe1Ni1Ti3O12

  • Madhusmita SahuEmail author
  • Sugato Hajra
  • R. N. P. Choudhary
Original Paper


In this report, Ba1Bi1Cu1Fe1Ni1Ti3O12 (BBCFNTO termed further) ceramics were synthesized using a conventional ceramic processing route. The formation of multiple phases has been confirmed from by the XRD pattern at room temperature. The surface micrograph indicates the uniform distribution of grains with distinct grain boundary. The co-relation between the impedance and dielectric parameters was realized by using a phase sensitive meter over a good temperature and frequency range. The temperature- and frequency-dependent dielectric properties are linked to the conduction mechanism. The dielectric constant (K) and loss (tanδ) are increased sharply at high-temperature region, which is expected to be the onset of dipolar relaxation phenomena. The contribution of grain boundary (GBs) and grain (Gs) effects can be identified using the complex impedance spectroscopy. This synthesized material is investigated to model multifunctional devices.


Electronic material Impedance Conductivity Magnetic 



MS would like to give thanks to Dr. Arijeet Mitra, IOP, Bhubaneswar who carried out some experiments.

Authors’ Contributions

Miss M Sahu fabricated the sample and done the electrical characterization. Mr. Sugato has prepared draft. Dr. RNP Choudhary supervised the work.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Multifunctional and Advance Materials Laboratory, Department of PhysicsSiksha ‘O’ Anusandhan (Deemed to be University)BhubaneswarIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and InstrumentationSiksha ‘O’ Anusandhan (Deemed to be University)BhubaneswarIndia

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