One-Dimensional Metallo-Superconductor Photonic Crystals as a Smart Window

  • Arafa H. AlyEmail author
  • Ayman A. Ameen
  • Hussein A. Elsayed
  • S. H. Mohamed
  • Mahi R. Singh
Original Paper


A new structure to control the electromagnetic waves has been successfully designed for smart windows applications. The present photonic crystals (PCs) smart window is designed from a unit cell of two different materials such as A (metal) and B (superconductor) of thicknesses that repeated for N periods. The numerical results are investigated based on the characteristic matrix method. It was found that the angle of incidence has a significant effect on the transmission values. At 10o angle of incidence, we found more than 80% of the visible light and a near IR is transmitted whereas at 60o angle of incidence, the photonic band gap (PBG) begins to appear at wavelengths greater than 800 nm and the visible light transmittance remains more than 80%. Also, the dependence of the transmittance values on the periodicity and thickness of the proposed design was investigated. The proposed structure could be of potential use as a smart window in low-temperature applications and space industry.


Photonic crystals Smart window Metal-superconductor 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.TH-PPM Group, Physics Department, Faculty of ScienceBeni-Suef UniversityBeni-SuefEgypt
  2. 2.Physics Department, Faculty of ScienceSohag UniversitySohagEgypt
  3. 3.Department of Physics and AstronomyWestern Ontario UniversityLondonCanada

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