Supercurrent Generation by Spin-Twisting Itinerant Motion of Electrons
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Superconductivity is a phenomenon where an external feeding current flows through the system without voltage drop. This is explained if an energy minimum exists under the current feeding boundary condition. We have found such minima in the system exhibiting spin-twisting itinerant motion of electrons with the Rashba spin–orbit interaction due to constraints of the charge conservation and single-valued requirement of the wave function. The supercurrent is shown to have the London equation form that exhibits the flux quantum h/2e.