Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 283–289 | Cite as

Correlation Between Magnetization and Particle Size of CdS Nanostructures by Solvothermal Method

  • Y. Al-DouriEmail author
  • Ali Abu Odeh
  • Yasmin Abdul Wahab
  • C. H. Voon
Original Research


Micro- and nano-structures of CdS including microrods, nanoparticles, nanorods, microspheres, and nanosheets were prepared by solvothermal method using monoethanolamine (EA), ethylene glycol (EG), and ethylenediamine (EN) to act as a mixed and pure solvent at multiple Cd and S concentrations. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns have shown CdS micro- and nano-structures with hexagonal and wurtzite structures. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) has depicted nanosheet existence, microsphere, and microrods of CdS at various volume ratios. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) has shown nanorod existence and nanoparticles of CdS at various volume ratios. Optical properties have been investigated using UV-Vis. A vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) has been used to measure the CdS nanoparticle ferromagnetism at ambient temperature. The saturation magnetization has exhibited 9.109 (10−3 emu/g). The ferromagnetic properties of CdS are referred to their structural defects.


II-VI Nanostructure Ferromagnetic 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Al-Douri
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Ali Abu Odeh
    • 4
  • Yasmin Abdul Wahab
    • 1
  • C. H. Voon
    • 5
  1. 1.Nanotechnology and Catalysis Research Center (NANOCAT)University of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Physics Department, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of Sidi-Bel-AbbesSidi-Bel-AbbesAlgeria
  3. 3.Department of Mechatronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Natural SciencesBahcesehir UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  4. 4.Khawarizmi International CollegeAl AinUnited Arab Emirates
  5. 5.Institute of Nano Electronic EngineeringUniversity Malaysia PerlisKangarMalaysia

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