Characterization of Fe3O4/γ-Fe2O3@ SiO2 Core-Shell Structure Composite Magnetic Fluid by Microemulsion Method
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Fe3O4/γ-Fe2O3@SiO2 composite magnetic fluids were prepared successfully by microemulsion method in this study. Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (Nps) were successfully converted to Fe3O4/γ-Fe2O3 magnetic Nps by low-temperature low-vacuum oxidation method (LTLV oxidation method), and then coated with silica by the modified Stöber method. The core-shell structure composite magnetic Nps were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results show that the size of Fe3O4/γ-Fe2O3 particles was about 13 nm and that of SiO2 coating was about 3 nm, and the saturation magnetization of Fe3O4/γ-Fe2O3 and Fe3O4/γ-Fe2O3@SiO2 Nps was 59.12 A m2/kg and 35.84 A m2/kg, respectively. And the saturation magnetization of Fe3O4/γ-Fe2O3@SiO2 magnetic fluid was 22.91 A m2/kg.
KeywordsFe3O4/γ-Fe2O3 SiO2 Magnetic fluid Microemulsion
This work was financially supported by the Key Research and Development Projects of People’s Liberation Army (No. BWS17J036).
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