Electric Field Characteristics of an Arc-Induction-Type DC Circuit Breaker Combined with a Magnet for Stability in the DC Power Grid
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For stability in the direct current (DC) power grid, it is very important to limit the current of the fault section and to protect the system in the fault condition. That is the core technology of the DC power grid. This paper suggests characteristics and a limited range of the fault current for the new model as the significant protecting technology in the DC power grid. Such new model is the arc-induction-type DC circuit breaker (CB) combined with a magnet. The magnetic arc-induction-type direct-current circuit breaker (DCCB) consists of a neodymium magnet, an induction needle, and electrical contacts. During fault operation, the arc occurring between the contacts is induced to the induction needle. To increase the induction effect, Lorentz force is applied to blow the arc. A magnet was applied to reduce the initial fault current and to induce magnetic flux. The simulation data were analyzed using the Maxwell 3D software program. The electric field included the electric force and the electric charge. Therefore, it could analyze the arc as the electric field. The simulation was performed based on the preceding study on induction needle. As a result of the simulation, it was confirmed that the electric field value of the induction needle increased when the DCCB was combined with a magnet.
KeywordsDirect-current circuit breaker (DCCB) The arc-induction type Magnetic arc-induction type Induction needle Neodymium magnet
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea(NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. 2018R1A2B2004242).
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