Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 441–449 | Cite as

Structural and Magnetic Properties of La-Substituted M-Type Hexagonal Sr–Ni Ferrites Synthesized by Ball-Milling-Assisted Ceramic Process

  • Jiuyang Xia
  • Wen Chen
  • Wenwei WuEmail author
  • Xuehang WuEmail author
  • Shifang Zhou
  • Chengyue Xiao
Original Paper


Sr0.5Ni0.5LaxFe12 − xO19 (x = 0, 0.08, 0.16, and 0.24) hexaferrites have been synthesized by ball-milling-assisted ceramic process. The calcined samples are characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectra (FTIR), and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). XRD reveals that all samples consist of the main M-type hexagonal Sr ferrite phase and a low amount of rhombohedral Fe2O3 as secondary phase, and a continuous increase of the hexagonal lattice parameters with substitution content (x). Magnetic characterization indicates that all Sr0.5Ni0.5LaxFe12 − xO19 samples have a hard magnetic property. Substitution of Fe3+ ions by La3+ ions can obviously improve the specific saturation magnetization, remanence, magnetic moment, and effective anisotropy constant. Specific saturation magnetization, remanence, and the magnetic moment reach a maximum at \(x =\) 0.24 and calcination temperature of 1050 C.


M-type hexagonal La-substituted Sr–Ni ferrites Chemical synthesis X-ray diffraction Magnetic properties 



This study was financially supported by the Guangxi Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 2016GXNSFDA380034, 2017GXNSFAA198338), Innovation Project of Guangxi Graduate Education (Grant No. YCBZ2018009), and the Guangxi University Student Innovation Foundation of China (Grant No. 201810593187).


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringGuangxi UniversityNanningPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Guangxi Colleges and Universities Key Laboratory of Applied Chemistry Technology and Resource DevelopmentNanningPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Collaborative Innovation Center of Renewable Energy MaterialsGuangxi UniversityNanningPeople’s Republic of China

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