Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

, Volume 31, Issue 10, pp 3347–3356 | Cite as

Effect of Annealing Temperature on Magnetic and Mössbauer Properties of ZnFe2O4 Nanoparticles by Sol-gel Approach

  • Md. Amir
  • H. Gungunes
  • A. BaykalEmail author
  • M. A. Almessiere
  • H. Sözeri
  • I. Ercan
  • M. Sertkol
  • S. Asiri
  • A. Manikandan
Original Paper


In this study, spinel ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by citrate sol-gel route using nickel nitrates, ferric nitrates and citric acid by annealing at 900, 1000, and 1100C. We reported the structural and magnetic properties (including Mössbauer analysis) for anisotropy ZnFe2O4 NPs annealed at different temperatures. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) were utilized to analyze the structural properties of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). Morphological features of resultant MNPs were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The observed XRD results displayed that the crystallite size increased from 38.60 to 49.28 nm with increasing the annealing temperature in a distinct linear trend. The enhancement of saturation magnetization of the uniaxial ZnFe2O4 NPs was studied and varied from 1.28 to 1.66 emu/g as the annealing temperature increases. The Mössbauer spectra results show that ZnFe2O4 ferrites were paramagnetic in nature at room temperature (RT).


ZnFe2O4 Spinel ferrite Annealing temperature Magnetic properties Hyperfine interactions 


Funding Information

Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR) and Institute for Research and Medical Consultations (IRMC) of Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University is highly acknowledged for providing financial assistance for this study (application number (auto): 2017-605-IRMC).


  1. 1.
    Kishimoto, M., Sakurai, Y., Ajima, T.: Magneto-optical properties of Ba-ferrite particulate media. J. Appl. Phys. 76, 7506–750 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Abraham, A.G., Manikandan, A., Manikandan, E., Vadivel, S., Jaganathan, S.K., Baykal, A., Sri Renganathan, P.: Enhanced magneto-optical and photo-catalytic properties of transition metal cobalt (Co2+ ions) doped spinel MgFe2O4 ferrite nanocomposites. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 452(15), 380–388 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Subramanian, A.P., Jaganathan, S.K., Manikandan, A., Pandiaraj, K.N., Gomathi, N., Supriyanto, E.: Recent trends in nano-based drug delivery systems for efficient delivery of phytochemicals in chemotherapy. RSC Adv. 6, 48294–48314 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sharma, R., Thakur, P., Sharma, P., Sharma, V.: Errimagnetic Ni2+ doped Mg-Zn spinel ferrite nanoparticles for high density information storage. J. Alloys Compd. 704, 7–17 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Joshi, S., Kumar, M., Chhoker, S., Srivastava, G., Jewariya, M., Singh, V.N.: Structural, magnetic, dielectric and optical properties of nickel ferrite nanoparticles synthesized by co-precipitation method. J. Mol. Struct. 1076, 55–62 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Barathiraja, C., Manikandan, A., Mohideen, A.M.U., Jayasree, S., Antony, S.A.: Magnetically recyclable spinel MnxNi1−xFe2O4 (x = 0.0 − 0.5) nano-photocatalysts: structural, morphological and opto-magnetic properties. J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 29, 477–486 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Singh, S., Kumar, N., Jha, A., Sahni, M., Bhargava, R., Chawla, A., Chandra, R., Kumar, S., Chaubey, S.: Effect of annealing temperature on the physical properties of Zn-ferrite nanoparticles. J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 27, 821 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sivagurunathan, F., Sathiyamurthy, K.: Effect of temperatures on structural, morphological and magnetic properties of zinc ferrite nanoparticles. Canadian Chem. Transac. 4, 244–254 (2016)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Maalam, K.E., Fkhar, L., Mahhouti, Z., Mounkach, O., Ali, M.A., Hamedoun, M., Benyoussef, A.: The effects of synthesis conditions on the magnetic properties of zinc ferrite spinel nanoparticles. J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 758, 012008 (2016)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chinnasamy, C.N., Narayanasamy, A., Ponpandian, N., Chattopadhyay, K., Guérault, H., Greneche, J.M.: Magnetic properties of nanostructured ferrimagnetic zinc ferrite. J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 13, 1179 (2001)ADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Manikandan, A., Vijaya, J.J., Kennedy, L.J.: Structural, optical and magnetic properties of porous α −Fe2O3 nanostructures prepared by rapid combustion method. J. Nanosci. Nanotech. 13, 2986–2992 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Balamurugan, S., Ragasree, R., Sana Fathima, T.K., Brightlin, B.C.: Novel single-step combustion synthesis of nanocrystalline MgFe2O4 materials using hexamethylenetetramine as a fuel: properties and features. J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 30, 2211 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Vara Prasad, B.B.V.S., Ramesh, K.V., Srinivas, A.: Structural and soft magnetic properties of nickel-substituted co-zn nanoferrites. J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. (2018)
  14. 14.
    Güner, S., Amir, Md., Geleri, M., Sertkol, M., Baykal, A.: Magneto-optical properties of Mn3+ substituted Fe3O4 nanoparticles. Ceram Int. 41, 10915–10922 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Maaz, K., Karim, S., Mumtaz, A., Hasanain, S.K., Liu, J., Duan, J.L.: Synthesis and magnetic characterization of nickel ferrite nanoparticles prepared by co-precipitation route. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 321, 1838 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Raming, T.P., Winnubst, A.J.A., van Kats, C.M., Philipse, P.: The synthesis and magnetic properties of nanosized hematite (α −Fe2O3) particles. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 249, 346 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mary, J.A., Manikandan, A., Kennedy, L.J., Bououdina, M., Sundaram, R., Judith Vijaya, J.: Structure and magnetic properties of Cu-Ni alloy nanoparticles prepared by rapid microwave combustion method. Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China 24, 1467–1473 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Vinoshaa, P.A., Melya, L.A., Jeronsiaa, J.E., Krishnanb, S., Das, S.J.: Synthesis and properties of spinel ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles by facile co-precipitation route. Optik 134, 99–108 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sai, R., Kulkarni, S.D., Vinoy, K.J., Bhat, N., Shivashankar, S.A.: ZnFe2O4: rapid and sub-100C synthesis and anneal-tuned magnetic properties. J. Mater. Chem. 22, 2149–2156 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Mendonca, E.C., Jesus, C.B.R., Folly, W.S.D., Meneses, C.T., Duque, J.G.S., Coelho, A.A.: Temperature dependence of coercive field of ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles. J. Appl. Phys. 111, 053917 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lazarevi, Z.Z., Jovaleki, C., Ivanovski, V.N., Recnik, A., Milutinovic, A., Cekic, B., Romcevic, N.Z.: Characterization of partially inverse spinel ZnFe2O4 with high saturation magnetization synthesized via soft mechanochemically assisted route. J. Phys. Chem. Solids 75, 869–877 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Dhiman, M., Sharma, R., Kumar, V., Singhal, S.: Morphology controlled hydrothermal synthesis and photocatalytic properties of ZnFe2O4 nanostructures. Ceram. Int. 42, 12594–12605 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Raeisi Shahraki, R., Ebrahimi, M., Seyyed Ebrahimi, S.A., Masoudpanah, S.M.: Structural characterization and magnetic properties of superparamagnetic zinc ferrite nanoparticles synthesized by the coprecipitation method. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 324, 3762–3765 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zhang, Y., Wu, Y., Qin, Q., Wang, F., Chen, D.: A study of the mechanism of microwave-assisted ball milling preparing ZnFe2O4. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 409, 6–9 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Lemine, O.M.: Synthesis, structural, magnetic and optical properties of nanocrystalline ZnFe2O4. Phys. B: Condens. Matter 406, 1989–1994 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Rameshbabu, R.: Synthesis and study of structural, morphological and magnetic properties of ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles. J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 27, 1499–150 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Surinwong, S., Apinpus, R.: Ultrasonic cavitation assisted solvothermal synthesis of superparamagnetic zinc ferrite nanoparticles. Particuology 11, 588–593 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Deraz, N.M., Alarifi, A.: Microstructure and magnetic studies of zinc ferrite nano-particles. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 7, 6501–6511 (2012)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Yadav, R.S., Havlica, J., Kuritka, I., Kozakova, Z., Palou, M., Bartonckova, E., Bohac, M., Frajkorova, F., Masilko, J., Hajduchova, M., Enev, V., Wasserbauer, J.: Magnetic properties of ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles synthesized by starch-assisted sol–gel auto-combustion method. J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 28, 1417 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Guaita, F.J., Beltrán, H., Cordoncillo, E., Carda, J.B., Escribano, P.: J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 19, 363–372 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Stewart, S.J., Figueroa, S.J.A., Sturla, M.B., Scorzelli, R.B., Garca, F., Requejo, F.G.: Physica B 389, 155–158 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Bhattacharya, A.K., Hartridge, A., Mallick, K.K., Majumdar, C.K., Das, D., Chintalapudi, S.N.: J. Mater. Sci. 32, 557–560 (1997)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Md. Amir
    • 1
    • 2
  • H. Gungunes
    • 3
  • A. Baykal
    • 4
    Email author
  • M. A. Almessiere
    • 5
  • H. Sözeri
    • 6
  • I. Ercan
    • 7
  • M. Sertkol
    • 8
  • S. Asiri
    • 4
  • A. Manikandan
    • 9
  1. 1.Department of Biochemical Engineering and BiotechnologyIndian Institute of Technology DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Instrument Design and Development Centre (IDDC)Indian Institute of Technology DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsHitit UniversityÇorumTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Nano-Medicine Research, Institute for Research and Medical Consultations (IRMC)Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  5. 5.Department of Physics, College of ScienceImam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  6. 6.TUBITAK-UME-National Metrology InstituteGebzeTurkey
  7. 7.Department of Biophysics, Institute for Research and Medical Consultations (IRMC)Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  8. 8.Deanship of Preparatory YearImam Abdulrahman BinFaisalUniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  9. 9.Department of Chemistry, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research (BIHER)Bharath UniversityChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations