Psychometrics Properties of the Daily Spiritual Experience Scale in Slovak Elderly

  • Mária Sováriová SoósováEmail author
  • Boris Mauer
Original Paper


The aim of this study was to evaluate psychometric properties of the daily spiritual experience scale (DSES) in Slovak elderly (n = 250). Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.98. Reliability tests confirmed excellent internal consistency. Principal component analysis produced one-factor model which explained 75.86% of the total variance of the Slovak DSES. A higher frequency of spiritual experiences was associated with higher level of spirituality, meaning in life, religion/spiritual affiliation, and lower level of depression which justified construct validity of the DSES. Women stated greater spiritual experiences than men. Findings confirmed that the Slovak DSES is valid and reliable.


Spirituality Elderly The daily spiritual experience scale Validity Reliability 



The authors thank Lynn Underwood, Ph.D. for her permission to use the DSES and Assoc. Prof. Colleen Delaney, Ph.D. for her permission to use the SS in the study, Ing. Jana Kubíniová, MUDr. Denisa Mauerová, Mgr. Monika Jendrišáková, Mgr. Katarína Riecka, PaedDr. Karol Sovári Soós, PhDr. Radoslav Berecký for their support in the translation, linguistic validation and cultural adaptation of the Slovak version of the DSES.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Nursing Care, Faculty of MedicinePavol Jozef Šafárik University in KošiceKosiceSlovakia
  2. 2.Department of Long-Term Care of PatientsGemerclinic n.o. HnúšťaHnúšťaSlovakia
  3. 3.Evangelic Elementary School of Zlatica OravcovaRimavská SobotaSlovakia

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