Religion and HIV Risk Among Male Market Vendors in Kazakhstan

  • Stacey A. ShawEmail author
  • Gaukhar Mergenova
  • Nabila El-Bassel
Original Paper


This study examines associations between religion and sexual HIV risk among 1342 male migrant and non-migrant market vendors in Kazakhstan. In the multivariate analysis, religious influence was associated with a lower likelihood of having multiple partners. Regular attendance was associated with a lower likelihood of having anal sex with a male partner, but with increased likelihood of having multiple partners. Spending time socially with friends at a mosque or church was associated with lower risk of anal sex with a male partner and lower risk of unprotected sex.


Religion HIV risk Kazakhstan Central Asia 



This study was funded by the National Institute of Health, NIMH R01 MH082684 to Dr. Nabila El-Bassel.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stacey A. Shaw
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gaukhar Mergenova
    • 2
  • Nabila El-Bassel
    • 3
  1. 1.2175 JFSB, School of Social WorkBrigham Young UniversityProvoUSA
  2. 2.Global Health Research Center of Central AsiaColumbia UniversityAlmatyKazakhstan
  3. 3.School of Social WorkColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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