Effects of Religious Orientations on the Prevalence of Social Media Disorder Among Muslim University Students in Pakistan
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of religious orientations on the prevalence of social media disorder among Muslim university students in Pakistan. A total of 686 students (59.0% females), enrolled in the three public-sector universities, participated in the study. The new indices of religious orientation revised and a short version of social media disorder scale were adapted to collect the required information. Both scales demonstrated high reliability coefficients. Results demonstrate significant differences in the religious orientations of disordered and non-disordered social media users. Findings support that the higher extrinsic and quest religious orientations enhance likelihood of being disordered social media users. The enhanced intrinsic religious orientation, however, decreases the chances of being disordered social media users. The implications of research findings in related academic and non-academic settings are discussed at the end of this paper.
KeywordsSelf-criticism Compartmentalization Muslim university Openness
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors certify that they have no financial or non-financial conflict of interest with any organization related to the contents and subject of this paper.
All procedures performed in the current study including data collection from the human participants were in accordance with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
All the research participants were informed about the objectives and procedure of the study. The data were collected after acquiring their informed consent.
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