Coping Through Religiosity, Spirituality and Social Support Among Muslim Chronic Hepatitis Patients

  • Malik Muhammad Sohail
  • Qaisar Khalid Mahmood
  • Falak Sher
  • Muhammad Saud
  • Siti Mas’udahEmail author
  • Rachmah Ida
Original Paper


Academics acknowledge religiosity, spirituality and social support as socio-behavioral factors that influence patients’ ability to deal with chronic illness. This study has attempted to describe empirical reality of how these factors influence patients. The sample of this study was 500 chronically ill hepatitis patients and was selected through the multistage sampling techniques. Through structured interview schedule, data were collected during the period of September 2016 to March 2017 from five most populated cities of Punjab (Pakistan). Data were analyzed through descriptive (frequency and percentage) and inferential statistics (Cronbach’s alpha, Pearson correlation, and structural equation modeling). The study suggests some recommendations and suggestions to policy makers regarding the significance of religiosity, spirituality and social support as coping strategies during chronic illness. The findings illustrate that social support has more association with coping than religiosity and spirituality of the patients.


Religiosity Spirituality Social support Chronic hepatitis Muslim patients 



There is no any funding for this research.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

We declared that they have no conflict of interest regarding this study.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee. This study was approved by Board of studies in University of Sargodha.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of SargodhaSargodhaPakistan
  2. 2.Department of SociologyInternational Islamic UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  3. 3.Department of SociologyGovernment College UniversityFaisalabadPakistan
  4. 4.Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political ScienceUniversitas AirlanggaSurabayaIndonesia
  5. 5.Department of Communication, Faculty of Social and Political ScienceUniversitas AirlanggaSurabayaIndonesia

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