Assessment of Mental Health Elderly with Chronic Pain Based on Quranic Components

  • Ebrahim Khalighi
  • Gholamreza Ghiasi
  • Ehsan Karimi
  • Milad Borji
  • Ebrahim Salimi
  • Asma Tarjoman
  • Laleh SolaimanizadehEmail author
Original Paper


Considering the presence of mental disorders during illness or old age, it is necessary to pay attention to the mental health of the elderly. A modeling of the God’s attributes means that one understands God’s perception of his/her existential poverty; and on the other hand, one endeavors to work in the human domain in order to replicate and utilize the names and attributes of God the Almighty. For this reason, this study aims to determine the mental health (MH) assessment of elderly people with chronic pain (CP) based on Quranic components. The study is a descriptive cross-sectional study. A total of 138 elderly people who are aged over 65 years and had history of CP were enrolled. Data were collected using Islamic Questionnaire of Identifying God’s Traits in the same, and analysis was performed using SPSS ver. 16. The mean (SD) of age in elderly is 81.00 (12.07), and as the age increased, the God’s Traits score of the elderly increased (p = 0.003, R = 0.34). The mean overall God’s Traits score was 234.68 (3.61). In the elderly who lived with their spouse and had higher social support, the score of God’s Traits was higher (p > 0.05), but there was no relationship between other demographic characteristics and status of God’s Traits (p > 0.05). This study is the first study to evaluate the MH status of chronic patients based on Quranic components, and their MH status has been high. It is suggested that the relationship between MH based on Quranic components and variables related to health be measured.


God’s Traits Elderly Mental health 



This study was conducted by Student Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran (Grant Number: 3008403).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

The study was approved by the First Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

No cost to the patient, Research Ethics Committee of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences approved this study with ethics code (IR.KUMS.REC.1398.503), compliance with the ethical codes of 24 in the research, explaining the goals of the research to patients.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Ebrahim Khalighi
    • 1
  • Gholamreza Ghiasi
    • 2
  • Ehsan Karimi
    • 3
  • Milad Borji
    • 4
  • Ebrahim Salimi
    • 5
  • Asma Tarjoman
    • 3
  • Laleh Solaimanizadeh
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Anaesthesiology, Medicine FacultyIlam University of Medical ScienceIlamIslamic Republic of Iran
  2. 2.Islamic Education School of MedicineIlam University of Medical ScienceIlamIslamic Republic of Iran
  3. 3.Student Research CommitteeKermanshah University of Medical SciencesKermanshahIslamic Republic of Iran
  4. 4.Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and MidwiferyKermanshah University of Medical ScienceKermanshahIslamic Republic of Iran
  5. 5.Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and MidwiferyIlam University of Medical ScienceIlamIslamic Republic of Iran
  6. 6.Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and MidwiferyBam University of Medical ScienceBamIslamic Republic of Iran

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