Happiness, Meaning, and Satisfaction in Life as Perceived by Indian University Students and Their Association with Spirituality

  • Sibnath DebEmail author
  • Shinto Thomas
  • Aindrila Bose
  • T. Aswathi
Original Paper


The present study aims to examine the association between various dimensions of psychological well-being (subjective happiness, satisfaction, and meaning in life), spirituality, and demographic and socioeconomic background of university students. A total of 414 postgraduate students were selected from three different schools, viz. science, management, and social sciences/humanities of Pondicherry University (A Central University), Puducherry, India, following multistage cluster sampling method. One semi-structured questionnaire and four standardized psychological scales, viz. subjective happiness scale, satisfaction with life scale, meaning in life questionnaire, and spirituality attitude inventory, were used for data collection after checking psychometric properties of the scales. The results show that a positive significant correlation between spirituality and subjective happiness exists. Spirituality is also correlated with meaning in life and satisfaction with life scale. Statistically, no significant gender difference was observed with respect to subjective happiness, meaning, and satisfaction in life as well as spirituality although the mean score of female students was more in all the four psychological domains. Non-integrated students are found to be happier than integrated students, and statistically it was significant. Positive interpersonal relationship and congenial family environment were probed to be facilitating factors for positive mental health of university students. There is a severe need to address students’ mental health by every educational institution through multiple programs.


Happiness Satisfaction Meaning in life Spirituality University students 



This study did not receive any fund from any source. It was a syndicated study.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

No animal was involved in the study.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sibnath Deb
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shinto Thomas
    • 2
  • Aindrila Bose
    • 1
  • T. Aswathi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied PsychologyPondicherry UniversityPuducherryIndia
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyCHRIST (Deemed to be University)BangaloreIndia

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