Determinants of Congregational Attendees’ Psychological Outcomes
- 13 Downloads
Congregational membership is known to enhance physical and mental health, as well as providing psychological outcomes (subjective well-being and loneliness). However, it is not clear whether these outcomes can be attributed to social resources or personal resources. The study was conducted in Israel among 260 active synagogue members between 18 and 88 years of age (mean = 32.91). Structural equation modeling suggested that personal resources were the strongest predictors of subjective well-being and loneliness, whereas social resources had lower predictive power. The article offers unique insights into the role of social and personal factors in congregation members’ subjective well-being and loneliness.
KeywordsCongregational members Subjective well-being Loneliness Societal conditional regard (SCR) Sense of community
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, or publication of this article.
- Bradburn, N. (1969). The structure of psychological well-being. Chicago: Aldine.Google Scholar
- Braun-Lewensohn, O., Sagy, S., Sabato, H., & Galili, R. (2013). Sense of coherence and sense of community as coping resources of religious adolescents before and after the disengagement from the Gaza Strip. The Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences, 50, 110–117.Google Scholar
- Davidson, W. B., & Cotter, P. R. (1986). Measurement of sense of community within the sphere of city. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 16, 608–619. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.1986.tb01162.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Durkheim, E. (1897/1951). Suicide: A study in sociology. New York: The Free Press.Google Scholar
- Freud, S. (1927/1964). The future of an illusion (W. D. Robson-Scott, Trans.). Garden City, NY: Doubleday.Google Scholar
- Freud, S. (1930/1961). Civilization and its discontents (J. Strachey, Trans.). New York: Norton.Google Scholar
- Hayes, A. F. (2013). An introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: A regression-based approach. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Hobfoll, S. E., Jackson, A., Hobfoll, I., Pierce, C. A., & Young, S. (2002). The impact of communal-mastery versus self-mastery on emotional outcomes during stressful conditions: A prospective study of Native American women. American Journal of Community Psychology, 30, 853–871.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Johnson, B. R., Tompkins, R. B., & Webb, D. (2002). Objective hope: Assessing the effectiveness of faith-based organizations: A review of the literature. Philadelphia: Center for Research on Religion and Urban Civil Society. Retrieved March 2019, from https://media4.manhattan-institute.org/pdf/crrucs_objective_hope.pdf.
- Koenig, H., Koenig, H. G., King, D. E., & Carson, V. B. (2012). Handbook of religion and health (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Levin, J. S. (1997). Religious research in gerontology, 1980–1994: A systematic review. Journal of Religious Gerontology, 10, 3–31.Google Scholar
- Levy, D., & Itzhaky, H. (2016). Adjustment of women immigrants from Ethiopia: The contributing factors. Social Development Issues, 38, 1–16.Google Scholar
- Miskar Institution, Israel (2017). The modern orthodox population in Israel. Retrieved March 2019, from https://www.miskar.co.il/he/home.
- Niels, J. B. (2008). Introduction to structural equation modeling using SPSS and AMOS. Los Angeles: Sage.Google Scholar
- Norris, P., & Inglehart, R. (2004). Religious organizations and social capital. The International Journal of Not-for-Profit Law, 7(1). Retrieved March 2019, from http://www.icnl.org/research/journal/vol6iss4/art_2.htm.
- Pargament, K. I. (2011). Religion and coping: The current state of knowledge. In S. Folkman (Ed.), Oxford handbook of stress, health, and coping (pp. 269–288). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Roth, G., & Assor, A. (2010). Parental conditional regard as a predictor of deficiencies in young children’s capacities to respond to sad feelings. Infant and Child Development, 19, 465–477.Google Scholar
- Roth, G., Assor, A., Niemiec, C. P., Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2009). The emotional and academic consequences of parental conditional regard: Comparing conditional positive regard, conditional negative regard, and autonomy support as parenting practices. Developmental Psychology, 45, 1119–1142. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0015272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Winograd-Jean, T. (2005). Estrangement from religion among adolescents: Personal, family, educational and community factors. Unpublished master dissertation, School of Education, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan (Hebrew).Google Scholar