Determinants of Congregational Attendees’ Psychological Outcomes

  • Yael ItzhakiEmail author
  • Ram A. Cnaan
Original Paper


Congregational membership is known to enhance physical and mental health, as well as providing psychological outcomes (subjective well-being and loneliness). However, it is not clear whether these outcomes can be attributed to social resources or personal resources. The study was conducted in Israel among 260 active synagogue members between 18 and 88 years of age (mean = 32.91). Structural equation modeling suggested that personal resources were the strongest predictors of subjective well-being and loneliness, whereas social resources had lower predictive power. The article offers unique insights into the role of social and personal factors in congregation members’ subjective well-being and loneliness.


Congregational members Subjective well-being Loneliness Societal conditional regard (SCR) Sense of community 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, or publication of this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social WorkTel-Aviv UniversityTel-AvivIsrael
  2. 2.School of Social Policy and PracticeUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.Graduate Institute of Peace StudiesKyunghee UniversitySeoulSouth Korea

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