The Anatomy of Papal Tiara: A Story About Popes’ Contribution and Protection of Anatomists

  • Andrei Ionut Cucu
  • Claudia Florida CosteaEmail author
  • Antonio Perciaccante
  • Serban Turliuc
  • Manuela Ciocoiu
  • Mihaela Dana Turliuc
Biographical Exploration


Beginning with the thirteenth century, the papacy has exerted an important role in the development of anatomy and medical sciences through the protection and support provided to anatomists, who were in most cases the personal physicians of the popes as well. The work is intended to be a lesson of anatomy of Papal tiara, presenting the most important contributing popes, the anatomists–physicians whom they supported and protected and the relations between papacy and medical sciences.


Popes Papality History of anatomy Anatomists 


Compliance with Ethical Standard

Conflict of interest

The author declares that the article content was composed in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. The authors declare that they have no conflict or interest.

Human and Animal Rights

This article is a novel work and does not include research involving human participants and/or animals. This manuscript is our original work and is free from plagiarism; each author has participated sufficiently in the work. The order of authorship is as stated on the title page of the manuscript. Each of us has seen the final version of the manuscript submitted for publication and has approved of it. The manuscript has been read and approved by all authors. This manuscript or a substantial part of it has not been submitted to any other journal for publication. It has also not been published previously.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrei Ionut Cucu
    • 1
  • Claudia Florida Costea
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Antonio Perciaccante
    • 3
  • Serban Turliuc
    • 4
  • Manuela Ciocoiu
    • 5
  • Mihaela Dana Turliuc
    • 1
    • 6
  1. 1.2nd Neurosurgery Clinic“Prof. Dr. N. Oblu Emergency Clinical Hospital”IasiRomania
  2. 2.Department of Ophthalmology“Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy”IasiRomania
  3. 3.Department of Medicine“San Giovanni di Dio” HospitalGoriziaItaly
  4. 4.Department of Psychiatry“Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy”IasiRomania
  5. 5.Department of Pathophysiology“Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy”IasiRomania
  6. 6.Department of Neurosurgery“Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy”IasiRomania

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