Investigating the Effect of Religious Intervention on Mental Vitality and Sense of Loneliness Among the Elderly Referring to Community Healthcare Centers

  • Milad Borji
  • Asma TarjomanEmail author
Original Paper


The growth of elderly population is among the most important issues in the world, and religious interventions can help them to keep their health. For this reason, this study was conducted with the aim of determining the effect of religious intervention on subjective vitality and sense of loneliness of the elderly referring to healthcare centers. This semi-experimental study was conducted on 88 elderlies referring to community healthcare centers of Ilam City. The elderlies were randomly assigned into test and control groups, and subjective vitality and sense of loneliness questionnaire was distributed to them. For the elderly in the test group, twelve 30–45-min sessions of religious intervention were held. Then, at intervals of immediately, 1 month, and 2 months after the study, the studied questionnaires were redistributed again among the elderly, and the data were analyzed using SPSS 16 and through descriptive statistics as well as repeated measures of analysis of variance. Before intervention, there was no difference between mental vitality and fear of loneliness in the elderly, but after intervention, the amount of mental vitality increased and fear of loneliness decreased. Since in this study, implementation of religious intervention resulted in improved subjective vitality and diminished sense of loneliness among the elderly, it is suggested that this effective intervention be also used in other studies.


Religious intervention Elderly Subjective vitality Sense of loneliness 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

After receiving permission to start the research, proposal with the number of studies was initiated. According to ethical principles in the research, the random method of the elderly was performed as completely random assignment. Informed consent was taken to initiate the research, and the research objectives were explained completely and clearly to the elderly and their care providers. The studied subjects were explained that at any time of the research, they could withdraw from the study, and participation in this research was absolutely optional. Note that this research had absolutely no cost for the elderly.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nursing and Midwifery SchoolKermanshah University of Medical SciencesKermanshahIran
  2. 2.Student Research CommitteeIlam University of Medical SciencesIlamIran

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