Do Religious Coping and Attachment to God Affect Perceived Pain? Study of the Elderly with Chronic Back Pain in Iran
- 21 Downloads
Religious Coping (RC) refers to the individual’s ability to understand and cope with the stress in life. Attachment is a God relatively stable emotional bond that forms through continuous communication and requires interaction, pleasure and relaxation. Considering the increasing population of the elderly and the role of pain in their health status, the present study was conducted aimed to determine the relationship between RC and attachment to God with perceived pain in the elderly with chronic low back pain (CLBP) in Ilam in Iran. The present study is a descriptive cross-sectional one in the elderly group with chronic low back pain in 2018. A total of 300 elderly patients with chronic low back pain were enrolled using convenience sampling. The tools used included demographic characteristics form, religious coping questionnaire, attachment to God’s questionnaire and perceived pain intensity questionnaire. The findings indicated that the mean (SD) of the total score of attachment to God variables was 65.71 (2.64), religious coping was 20.67 (2.59), chronic pain acceptance was 17.29 (6.66), and perceived pain was 5.81 (2.65). Also, there was a meaningful correlation between the intensity of the pain and the level of attachment to God and religious coping. Therefore, it is suggested that appropriate religious interventions for elderly patients with chronic pain should be undertaken to reduce their pain status in order to help improve their quality of life.
KeywordsReligious coping Attachment to God Pain perception Chronic back pain Elderly
Student Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran. (Project Code: 3007200).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
It was explained to patients that the questionnaires would be unnamed, and their information would be analyzed in its entirety.
- Ahmadi, M., Noudehi, M., Esmaeili, M., & Sadrollahi, A. (2017). Comparing the quality of life between active and non-active elderly women with an emphasis on physical activity. Iranian Journal of Ageing, 12, 262–275.Google Scholar
- Bitarafan, L., Kazemi, M., & Yousefi Afrashte, M. (2018). Relationship between styles of attachment to god and death anxiety resilience in the elderly. Iranian Journal of Ageing, 12, 446–457.Google Scholar
- Eilami, O., Moslemirad, M., Naimi, E., Babuei, A., & Rezaei, K. (2018). The effect of religious psychotherapy emphasizing the importance of prayers on mental health and pain in cancer patients. Journal of Religion and Health, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-0696-x.
- Ghobary Bonab, B., Haddadi Kuhsar, A. A., Rashidi, A., & Javadi, S. (2012). Relationship among image of god and attachment to God with mental health in parents of exceptional children. Journal of Exceptional Children, 12, 5–14.Google Scholar
- Goudarzian, A. H., Jafari, A., Beik, S., & Nesami, M. B. (2017). Are religious coping and pain perception related together? Assessment in Iranian cancer patients. Journal of Religion and Health, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-017-0471-4.
- Hassanpour-Dehkordi, A., & Jalali, A. (2016). Effect of progressive muscle relaxation on the fatigue and quality of life among Iranian aging persons. Acta Medica Iranica, 54, 430–436.Google Scholar
- Hirase, T., Kataoka, H., Nakano, J., Inokuchi, S., Sakamoto, J., & Okita, M. (2018). Effects of a psychosocial intervention programme combined with exercise in community-dwelling older adults with chronic pain: A randomized controlled trial. European Journal of Pain, 22, 592–600.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Johnson, K. A. (2018). Prayer: A helpful aid in recovery from depression. Journal of Religion and Health, 57(6), 2290–2300.Google Scholar
- Kasule, O. H. (2003). Social and religious dimensions of unwanted pregnancy: An Islamic perspective. The Medical Journal of Malaysia, 58, 49–60.Google Scholar
- Khodabakhshi, K. A., Mohammad, B. M., & Bahari, F. (2016). The Relationship between attachment to God with resilience and mental health among parents of children with special needs. Journal of Research on Religion & Health, 2(4), 7–14.Google Scholar
- Leilan, M. P., Kheiri, Y., & Babapour, J. (2015). Relationship between attachment to God and trust with psychological vulnerability of students with mediating on patience. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences, 9, 1568–1573.Google Scholar
- Leman, J., Hunter, W., Fergus, T., & Rowatt, W. (2018). Secure attachment to God uniquely linked to psychological health in a national, random sample of American adults. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508619.2018.1477401.
- Nayeri, N. D., Abazari, F., & Pouraboli, B. (2018). Challenges in caring for the elderly in Iran: A systematic review. Ethiopian Medical Journal, 56(2).Google Scholar
- Pargament, K. I., Smith, B. W., Koenig, H. G., & Perez, L. (1998). Patterns of positive and negative religious coping with major life stressors. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 37(4), 710–724.Google Scholar
- Rezvani Amin, M., Siratinayer, M., Abadi, A., & Moradyan, T. (2012). Correlation between visual analogue scale and short form of mcgill questionnaire in patients with chronic low back pain. Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal, 6, 31–34.Google Scholar
- Sabzi, N., Sahebi Hagh, M., & Mohammadpour, A. (2009). Prevalence of switching contraceptive methods in referring women to curative health services in Tabriz. Tabriz Nursing and Midwifery Journal, 13, 51–58.Google Scholar
- Saged, A. A. G., Yusoff, M. Y. Z. M., Latif, F. A., Hilmi, S. M., Al-Rahmi, W. M., Al-Samman, A., Alias, N., & Zeki, A. M. (2018). Impact of quran in treatment of the psychological disorder and spiritual illness. Journal of Religion and Health, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-0572-8.
- Shahrbabaki, P. M., Nouhi, E., Kazemi, M., & Ahmadi, F. (2017). Spirituality: A Panacea for patients coping with heart failure. International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery, 5, 38.Google Scholar
- Sharifi, S. S., Alipour, A., Aghayousefi, A., Mohammadi, M., Ghobari, B. B., Nikofar, A., & Anbiaee, R. (2018). The relationship between attachment style to god and depression among female breast-cancer patients.Google Scholar
- Shirazi, M., Manoochehri, H., Zagheri Tafreshi, M., & Zayeri, F. (2015). Development and psychometric evaluation of chronic pain acceptance instrument in the elderly. Anesthesiology And Pain, 5, 33–47.Google Scholar
- Shirazi, M., Manoochehri, H., Zagheri Tafreshi, M., Zayeri, F., & Alipour, V. (2017). testing of comprehensive chronic pain management model in older people. Anesthesiology And Pain, 7, 49–62.Google Scholar
- Sobre Lombalgias, C. B. (2000). Lombociatalgias. São Paulo: Sociedade Brasileira De Reumatologia. Comitê De Coluna Vertebral.Google Scholar
- Sunitha, S. (2018). Impact of widowhood and disability among elderly. In Handbook of research on multicultural perspectives on gender and aging. Igi Global. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-4772-3.ch004.
- Taheri-Kharameh, Z., Saeid, Y., & Ebadi, A. (2013). The relationship between religious coping styles and quality of life in patients with coronary artery disease. Cardiovascular Nursing Journal, 2, 24–32.Google Scholar
- Xiao, S., Zhang, W., Tang, Q., Liu, L., & Zhao, M. (2018). Music interventions to reduce anxiety in elderly patients with cataract surgery.Google Scholar
- Zaki, M. M., Ahmed, F. M., & Sayed, F. S. (2018). Effect of guided imagery in reduction of stress among elderly people in geriatric homes. American Journal of Nursing, 6, 380–387.Google Scholar
- Ziapour, A., Khatony, A., Jafari, F., & Kianipour, N. (2017). Prediction of the dimensions of the spiritual well-being of students at Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Iran: The roles of demographic variables. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: Jcdr, 11, Vc05.Google Scholar