The Journal of Primary Prevention

, Volume 34, Issue 4, pp 221–235 | Cite as

Needs and Preferences for the Prevention of Intimate Partner Violence Among Hispanics: A Community’s Perspective

  • R. M. Gonzalez-GuardaEmail author
  • A. M. Cummings
  • M. Becerra
  • M. C. Fernandez
  • I. Mesa
Original Paper


Research suggest that Hispanics in the U.S. are disproportionately affected by the consequences of intimate partner violence. Nevertheless, few intimate partner violence prevention interventions have been developed to address the unique needs and preferences of this population. The Partnership for Domestic Violence Prevention is a community-based participatory research project that assessed the needs and preferences for prevention programs for Hispanics in Miami-Dade County. Nine focus groups with domestic violence service providers, victims and general community members were conducted (N = 76). Four major themes emerged from the focus groups. These included immigrants and teens as the highest priority groups to target in prevention efforts, culture as a double-edged sword, the system that helps and hurts the victim, and the need for wide-scale prevention programs that would reach Hispanics systematically. The results from this study have important implications for the development of intimate violence prevention interventions targeting Hispanics in the U.S.


Intimate partner violence Prevention Community-based participatory research Hispanics Focus groups 



Primarily funded by the National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) Grant 1P60 MD002266 to Nilda Peragallo, PI. Supplemental support from the University of Miami Provost Award, University of Miami School of Education and Human Development, the University of Miami School of Nursing and Health Studies, and the Coordinated Victim Assistance Center (CVAC), Miami-Dade County Community Action and Human Services Department was also obtained. The research team also would like to acknowledge the Community Advisory Board and participants of this project.


  1. Acevedo, M. J. (2000). Battered immigrant Mexican women’s perspectives regarding abuse and help-seeking. Journal of Multicultural Social Work, 8(3–4), 243–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aldarondo, E., Kaufman Kantor, G., & Jasinski, J. L. (2002). A risk marker analysis of wife assault in Latino families. Violence Against Women, 8(4), 429–454.Google Scholar
  3. Arciniega, G. M., Anderson, T. C., Tovar-Blank, Z. G., & Tracey, T. J. G. (2008). Toward a fuller conception of machismo: Development of a traditional machismo and caballerismo scale. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 55(1), 19–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Black, M. C., Basile, K. C., Breiding, M. J., Smith, S. G., Walters, M. L., Merrick, M. T., Chen, J., & Stevens, M. R. (2011). The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS): 2010 Summary Report. Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.Google Scholar
  5. Bloom, T., Wagman, J., Hernandez, R., Yragui, N., Hernandez, N., Dahlstrom, M., et al. (2009). Partnering with community-based organizations to reduce intimate partner violence. Journal of Hispanic Behavioral Science, 31(2), 244–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bonomi, A. E., Anderson, M. L., Cannon, E. A., Slesnick, N., & Rodriguez, M. A. (2009). Intimate partner violence in Latina and non-Latina women. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 36(1), 43–48. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2008.09.027.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Caetano, R., Cunradi, C. B., Clark, C. L., & Schafer, J. (2000a). Intimate partner violence and drinking patterns among White, Black and Hispanic couples. Journal of Substance Abuse, 11(2), 123–138. doi: 10.1016/S0899-3289(00)00015-8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Caetano, R., Field, C. A., Ramisetty-Mikler, S., & McGrath, C. (2005). The 5-year course of intimate partner violence among White, Black, and Hispanic couples in the United States. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20(9), 1039–1057.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Caetano, R., Ramisetty-Mikler, S., & McGrath, C. (2004). Acculturation, drinking, and intimate partner violence among Hispanic couples in the United States: A longitudinal study. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 26(1), 60–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Caetano, R., Schafer, J., Clark, C., Cunradi, C., & Rasberry, K. (2000b). Intimate partner violence, acculturation, and alcohol consumption among Hispanic Couples in the United States. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 15(1), 30–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Castro, R., Peek-Asa, C., Garcia, L., Ruiz, A., & Kraus, J. F. (2003). Risks for abuse against pregnant Hispanic women Morelos, Mexico and Los Angeles County, California. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 25(4), 325–332. doi: 10.1016/S0749-3797(03)00211-3.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC. (2010a). Intimate partner violence: Definitions. Retrieved November 2, 2012, from
  13. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC. (2010b). Youth risk behavior surveillance—United States, 2009, MMWR 2010: 59 (No.SS-5). Retrieved January 12, 2011, from
  14. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC. (2012). Dating matters™ initiative. Retrieved December 7, 2012, from
  15. Cuevas, C. A., & Sabina, C. (2010). Final report: Sexual assault among Latinas (SALAS) study. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice. Retreived on September 8, 2011, from
  16. Cunradi, C. (2009). Intimate partner violence among Hispanic men and women: The role of drinking, neighborhood disorder, and acculturation-related factors. Violence and Victims, 24(1), 83–97.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Cunradi, C. B., Caetano, R., Clark, C., & Schafer, J. (2000). Neighborhood poverty as a predictor of intimate partner violence among White, Black, and Hispanic couples in the United States: A multilevel analysis. Annals of Epidemiology, 10(5), 297–308.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Cunradi, C. B., Caetano, R., & Schafer, J. (2002). Socioeconomic predictors of intimate partner violence among White, Black, and Hispanic couples in the United States. Journal of Family Violence, 17(4), 377–389. doi: 10.1023/A:1020374617328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. de las Fuentes, C., Baron, A., & Vasquez, M. J. T. (2003). Teaching Latino psychology. In P. Bronstein & K. Quina (Eds.), Teaching gender and multicultural awareness: Resources for the psychology classroom (pp. 207–220). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Denham, A. C., Frasier, P. Y., Hooten, E. G., Belton, L., Newton, W., Gonzalez, P., et al. (2007). Intimate partner violence among Latinas in Eastern North Carolina. Violence Against Women, 13(2), 123–140.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Duke, M. R., & Cunradi, C. B. (2011). Measuring intimate partner violence among male and female farmworkers in San Diego County, CA. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 17(1), 59–67. doi: 10.1037/a0021826.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Field, C. A., & Caetano, R. (2003). Longitudinal model predicting partner violence among White, Black, and Hispanic couples in the United States. Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research, 27(9), 1451–1458. doi: 10.1097/01.ALC.0000086066.70540.8C.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Foshee, V. A., Bauman, K. E., Arriaga, X. B., Helms, R. W., Koch, G. G., & Linder, G. F. (1998). An evaluation of Safe Dates, an adolescent dating violence prevention program. American Journal of Public Health, 88(1), 45–50.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gallardo, M. E., & Paoliello, Y. (2008). Familism. In F. T. L. Leong (Ed.), Encyclopedia of counseling. Sage Publicatoins, Inc. Retrieved December 10, 2012, from
  25. Garcia, L., Hurwitz, E. L., & Krauss, J. F. (2005). Acculturation and reported intimate partner violence among Latinas in Los Angeles. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20(5), 569–590.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M., Florom-Smith, A., & Thomas, T. (2011a). A syndemic model of substance abuse, intimate partner violence, risk for HIV infection and mental health among Hispanics. Public Health Nursing, 28(4), 366–378.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M., Ortega, J., Vasquez, E., & De Santis, J. (2010). La mancha negra: Substance abuse, violence and sexual risks among Hispanic males. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 32(1), 128–148.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M., Peragallo, N., Vasquez, E. P., Urrutia, M. T., & Mitrani, V. B. (2009). Intimate partner violence, depression and resource availability among a community sample of Hispanic women. Issue in Mental Health Nursing, 30(4), 227–236. doi: 10.1016/j.jana.2008.04.001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M., Vasquez, E. P., Urrutia, M. T., Villarruel, A. M., & Peragallo, N. (2011b). Hispanic women’s experiences with substance abuse, intimate partner violence, and risk for HIV. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 22(1), 46–54.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hahn, R., Fuqua-Whitley, D., Wethington, H., Lowy, J., & Liberman, A. (2007). The effectiveness of universal school-based programs for the prevention of violence and aggressive behavior. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 56(RR07), 1–12.Google Scholar
  31. Harris, R., Firestone, J., & Vega, W. (2005). The interaction of country of origin, acculturation, and gender role ideology on wife abuse. Social Science Quarterly, 86, 463–483.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Howard, D. E., Beck, K., Kerr, M. H., & Shattuck, T. (2005). Psychosocial correlates of dating violence victimization among Latino youth. Adolescence, 40(158), 319–331.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Hsieh, H., & Shannon, S. E. (2005). Three approaches to qualitative content analysis. Qualitative Health Research, 15(9), 1277–1288. doi: 10.1177/1049732305276687.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ingram, E. M. (2007). A comparison of help seeking between Latino and non-Latino victims of intimate partner violence. Violence Against Women, 13(2), 159–171.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Jasinski, J. L., & Kaufman Kantor, G. K. (2001). Pregnancy, stress and wife assault: Ethnic differences in prevalence, severity, and onset in a national sample. Violence and Victims, 16(3), 219–232.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Klevens, J. (2007). An overview of intimate partner violence among Latinos. Violence Against Women, 13(2), 111–122.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Krishnan, S. P., Hilbert, J. C., & VanLeeuwen, D. (2001). Domestic violence and help-seeking behaviors among rural women: Results from a shelter-based study. Family and Community Health, 24, 28–38.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Martin, K. R., & Garcia, L. (2011). Unintended pregnancy and intimate partner violence before and during pregnancy in Latina women in Los Angeles, California. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 26(6), 1157–1175. doi: 10.1177/0886260510368154.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Moreno, C. (2007). The relationship between culture, gender, structural factors, abuse, trauma, and HIV/AIDS for Latinas. Qualitative Health Research, 17(3), 340–352. doi: 10.1177/1049732306297387.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Rizo, C. F., & Macy, R. J. (2011). Help seeking and barriers of Hispanic partner violence survivors: A systematic review of the literature. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 16(3), 250–264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Santana, M. C., Raj, A., Decker, M. R., La Marche, A., & Silverman, J. (2006). Masculine gender roles associated with increased sexual risk and intimate partner violence among adult men. Journal of Urban Health, 83(4), 575–585.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Stampfel, C. C., Chapman, D. A., & Alvarez, A. E. (2010). Intimate partner violence and posttraumatic stress disorder among high-risk women: Does pregnancy matter? Violence Against Women, 16(4), 426–443. doi: 10.1177/1077801210364047.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Tjaden, P. & Thoennes, N. (2000). Extent, nature and consequences of intimate partner violence. Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved on June 14, 2009, from
  44. U.S. Census Bureau. (2008). Hispanic population of the U.S. Retrieved on June 14, 2009, from
  45. U.S. Census Bureau. (2012). About Hispanic origin. Retrieved on June 6, 2013, from

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. M. Gonzalez-Guarda
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. M. Cummings
    • 2
  • M. Becerra
    • 3
  • M. C. Fernandez
    • 2
  • I. Mesa
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Nursing and Health StudiesUniversity of MiamiCoral GablesUSA
  2. 2.School of EducationUniversity of MiamiCoral GablesUSA
  3. 3.Entre Nosotras FoundationMiamiUSA
  4. 4.Miami-Dade County Community Action and Human Services DepartmentCoordinated Victim Assistance CenterMiamiUSA

Personalised recommendations