Surfactant-assisted imidacloprid intercalation of layered zinc hydroxide nitrate: synthesis, characterisation and controlled release formulation

  • Sharifah Norain Mohd Sharif
  • Norhayati HashimEmail author
  • Illyas Md Isa
  • Suriani Abu Bakar
  • Mohamad Idris Saidin
  • Mohamad Syahrizal Ahmad
  • Mazidah Mamat
  • Mohd Zobir Hussein


A neutrally charged insecticide, imidacloprid (IC), has been intercalated into zinc hydroxide nitrate (ZHN) with the assistance of sodium dodecylsulphate (SDS). The presence of SDS assists the intercalation of IC by forming a hydrophobic region in the interlayer gallery of ZHN. The intercalated compound, ZHN–SDS–IC, was characterised using powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), thermogravimetric analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, elemental analysis, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and gas sorption analysis. The PXRD studies demonstrated intercalation peaks at lower 2θ, which confirmed the intercalation of IC and SDS in the interlayer gallery of ZHN. The release and kinetic studies of ZHN–SDS–IC reveals that the IC were successfully released in controlled manner (with release time up to 1478 min), and were governed by pseudo second order kinetic model. The ZHN–SDS–IC synthesised is hopefully beneficial in overcoming the consequences of excessive usage of insecticide in paddy cultivation.


Imidacloprid Zinc hydroxide nitrate Intercalation Sodium dodecylsulphate Controlled release formulation 



The authors wish to thank UPSI and the Ministry of Education Malaysia for supporting this research. This work was supported by the GPU-RISING STAR Grant No. 2019 − 0119 − 103 − 01.


  1. 1.
    P. Li, F. Lv, Z. Xu, G. Qi, Y. Zhang, J. Mater. Sci. 48, 5437 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. Hashim, S.N.M. Sharif, I.M. Isa, S.A. Hamid, M.Z. Hussein, S.A. Bakar, M. Mamat, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 105, 35 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Z. Sun, L. Jin, W. Shi, M. Wei, X. Duan, Chem. Eng. J. 161, 293 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M.Y. Ghotbi, M.Z. Hussein, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 71, 1565 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    W.G. Hou, Z.L. Jin, Colloid Polym. Sci. 285, 1449 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    L. Moyo, W.W. Focke, F.J.W.J. Labuschagne, S. Verryn, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 555, 51 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. Marangoni, A. Mikowski, F. Wypych, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 351, 384 (2010)PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, A.C.S. Appl, Mater. Interfaces 7, 11180 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Jaerger, A. Zimmermann, S.F. Zawadzki, F. Wypych, S.C. Amico, Polimeros 24, 683 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    F.M. Fernandes, H. Baradari, C. Sanchez, Appl. Clay Sci. 100, 2 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    G. G. C. Arizaga, J. E. F. Da Costa Gardolinski, W. H. Schreiner, F. Wypych, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 330, 352 (2009).PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    G. G. C. Arizaga, A. S. Mangrich, J. E. F. da Costa Gardolinski, F. Wypych, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 320, 168 (2008).PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    H.S. Bae, H. Jung, Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 33, 1949 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Demel, P. Kubát, I. Jirka, P. Kovář, M. Pospíšil, K. Lang, J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 16321 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    G. S. Mac Hado, G. G. C. Arízaga, F. Wypych, S. Nakagaki, J. Catal. 274, 130 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    A.C.T. Cursino, J.E.F.C. Gardolinski, F. Wypych, J Colloid Interface Sci. 347, 49 (2010)PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    C.S. Cordeiro, G.G.C. Arizaga, L.P. Ramos, F. Wypych, Catal. Commun. 9, 2140 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M.Y. Ghotbi, Particuology 10, 492 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Q. Zhenlan, Y. Heng, Z. Bin, H. Wanguo, Colloids Surfaces A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 348, 164 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    I. Ishaaya, A. R. Horowitz, in Insectic. with Nov. Modes Action, ed. by I. Ishaaya, D. Degheele (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 1998), pp. 1–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    J.E. Jepson, L.A. Brown, D.B. Sattelle, Invert Neurosci. 6, 33 (2006)PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. Nennemann, Y. Mishael, S. Nir, B. Rubin, H. Van Damme, G. Lagaly, (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    A.M. Bashi, M.Z. Hussein, Z. Zainal, M. Rahmani, D. Tichit, Arab. J. Chem. 9, 1457 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    X. Zhang, J. Liu, W. Hou, J. Tong, L. Ren, G. Sun, Y. Sun, (2016).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    F.F. Céspedes, S.P. García, M.V. Sánchez, M.F. Pérez, Chemosphere 92, 918 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    R. Celis, M.C. Hermosín, L. Cornejo, M.J. Carrizosa, J. Cornejo, Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem. 82, 503 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    J. Li, J. Yao, Y. Li, Y. Shao, J. Environ. Sci. Heal. 47, 795 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    S. Bakhtiary, M. Shirvani, H. Shariatmadari, Chemosphere 90, 699 (2013)PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    B. Azeem, K. Kushaari, Z.B. Man, A. Basit, T.H. Thanh, J. Control. Release 181, 11 (2014)PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    D.P. Qiu, W.G. Hou, J. Xu, J. Liu, S. Liu, Chinese J. Chem. 27, 1879 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Q. Chen, S. Shi, X. Liu, L. Jin, M. Wei, Chem. Eng. J. 153, 175 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    A.A. Al-Kahtani, B.S. Sherigara, Carbohydr. Polym. 104, 151 (2014)PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    M. Li, S. Chen, F. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Wang, Electrochim. Acta 53, 7255 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Q. Tao, J. Yuan, R.L. Frost, H. He, P. Yuan, J. Zhu, Appl. Clay Sci. 45, 262 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    M.Z. Hussein, N.F. Nazarudin, S.H. Sarijo, M.A. Yarmo, J. Nanomater. 2012, 1 (2012)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Q. Li, M. Meng, Z.Q. Zou, X.G. Li, Y.Q. Zha, J. Hazard. Mater. 161, 366 (2009)PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    G.G.C. Arizaga, K.G. Satyanarayana, F. Wypych, Solid State Ionics 178, 1143 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    J.S. Valente, F. Tzompantzi, J. Prince, Appl. Catal. B Environ. 102, 276 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    H. Nabipour, M. Hosaini Sadr, N. Thomas, M. H. Sadr, N. Thomas, J. Exp. Nanosci. 10, 1269 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    C. Geng, T. Xu, Y. Li, Z. Chang, X. Sun, X. Lei, Chem. Eng. J. 232, 510 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    S.A.I.S.M. Ghazali, M.Z. Hussein, S.H. Sarijo, Nanoscale Res. Lett. 8, 1 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    S. Hamada, S. Hibarino, K. Ikeue, M. Machida, Appl. Catal. B Environ. 74, 197 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    S.H. Sarijo, S.A.I.S.M. Ghazali, M.Z. Hussein, A.H. Ahmad, Mater. Today Proc. 2, 345 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    M. Z. Bin Hussein, A. H. Yahaya, Z. Zainal, L. H. Kian, Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 6, 956 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    P. S. Braterman, Z. P. Xu, F. Yarberry, in Handb. Layer. Mater., edited by S. M. Auerbach, K. A. Carrado, P. K. Dutt (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2004), p. 647.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    S. Li, Y. Shen, M. Xiao, D. Liu, L. Fan, Arab. J. Chem. (2015). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    S.F. Hosseini, M. Zandi, M. Rezaei, F. Farahmandghavi, Carbohydr. Polym. 95, 50 (2013)PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    M.Z. Hussein, N.S.S.A. Rahman, S.H. Sarijo, Z. Zainal, Appl. Clay Sci. 58, 60 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Y.S. Ho, G. Mckay, Process Biochem. 34, 451 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    T. Kodama, Y. Harada, M. Ueda, K.I. Shimizu, K. Shuto, S. Komarneni, Langmuir 17, 4881 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    P.L. Ritger, N.A. Peppas, J. Control. Release 5, 37 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    E.P. Holowka, S.K. Bhatia, Drug Delivery: Materials Design and Clinical Perspective (Springer, New York, 2014)Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    N. Hashim, Z. Muda, S.A. Hamid, I.M. Isa, A. Kamari, A. Mohamed, M.Z. Hussein, S.A. Ghani, J. Phys. Chem. Sci. 1, 1 (2014)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sharifah Norain Mohd Sharif
    • 1
  • Norhayati Hashim
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Illyas Md Isa
    • 1
    • 2
  • Suriani Abu Bakar
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mohamad Idris Saidin
    • 1
  • Mohamad Syahrizal Ahmad
    • 1
  • Mazidah Mamat
    • 4
  • Mohd Zobir Hussein
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and MathematicsUniversiti Pendidikan Sultan IdrisTanjong MalimMalaysia
  2. 2.Nanotechnology Research Centre, Faculty of Science and MathematicsUniversiti Pendidikan Sultan IdrisTanjong MalimMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and MathematicsUniversiti Pendidikan Sultan IdrisTanjong MalimMalaysia
  4. 4.School of Fundamental ScienceUniversiti Malaysia TerengganuKuala TerengganuMalaysia
  5. 5.Materials Synthesis and Characterization Laboratory, Institute of Advanced TechnologyUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia

Personalised recommendations