Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

One-pot synthesis of bimodal (macro-meso, micro-mesoporous) silica by polyHIPE: parameter studies

  • 106 Accesses

Abstract

Porous silica with hierarchical organization of pore structure is desired for a variety of applications such as, chromatography, sensing, control release, scaffold for biomedical applications and catalysis. Highly porous polymers obtained from high internal phase emulsion (HIPE) templating route have attracted increasing attention of researchers due to their hierarchical porous and interconnected structure with high porosity and low density. The novel method adopted in our approach combines redox initiated polymerization using HIPE polymerization and an in-situ sol–gel processing technique followed by calcination to obtain highly porous materials. The obtained materials have reminiscent of polyHIPE morphology containing pores and interconnected pore throats in micrometer size range with mesopores on the wall of macropores. The effect of concentration of TEOS, volume of dispersed phase, crosslinker concentration, shear rate and surfactant concentration as well as variation in calcination temperatures on the properties of silica materials were examined.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11

References

  1. 1.

    B.L. Su, C. Sanchez, X.Y. Yang, Hierarchically Structured Porous Materials (Wiley, Weinheim, 2011), pp. 3–27

  2. 2.

    W.G. Bae, H.N. Kim, D. Kim, S.H. Park, H.E. Jeong, K.Y. Suh, Adv. Mater. 26, 675–700 (2014)

  3. 3.

    N. Brun, S. Ungureanu, H. Deleuze, R. Backov, Chem. Soc. Rev. 40, 771–788 (2011)

  4. 4.

    S.J. Pierre, J.C. Thies, A. Dureault, N.R. Cameron, J.C.M. van Hest, N. Carette, T. Michon, R. Weberskirch, Adv. Mater. 18, 1822–1826 (2006)

  5. 5.

    S. Caldwell, D.W. Johnson, M.P. Didsbury, B.A. Murray, J.J. Wu, S.A. Przyborski, N.R. Cameron, Soft Matter 8, 10344–10351 (2012)

  6. 6.

    Z. Yuan, B. Su, Mater. Chem. 16, 663–677 (2006)

  7. 7.

    S. Israel, I. Gurevitch, M.S. Silverstein, Polymer 78, 453–463 (2015)

  8. 8.

    N. Pal, A. Bhaumik, Adv. Colloid. Interface Sci. 189–190, 21–41 (2013)

  9. 9.

    O.D. Velev, E.W. Kaler, Adv. Mater. 12, 531–534 (2000)

  10. 10.

    L. Yao, A.R. Woll, J.J. Watkins, Macromolecules 46, 6132–6144 (2013)

  11. 11.

    J. P. Conrad, J. C. Dyer, T. C. Horter, R. D. Westendorf, U. S. Patent 6245697(B) (2001)

  12. 12.

    H. Liu, D. Wan, J. Du, M. Jin, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 20885–20892 (2015)

  13. 13.

    R.S. Moglia, J.L. Robinson, A.D. Muschenborn, T.J. Touchet, D.J. Maitland, E. Cosgriff-Hernandez, Polymer 55, 426–434 (2014)

  14. 14.

    A.S. Hayward, N. Sano, S.A. Przyborski, N.R. Cameron, Macromol. Rapid Commun. 34, 1844–1849 (2013)

  15. 15.

    F. Audouin, R. Larragy, M. Fox, B. O’Connor, A. Heise, Biomacromology 13, 3787–3794 (2012)

  16. 16.

    F. Carn, A. Colin, M. Achard, H. Deleuze, E. Sellier, M. Birot, R. Beckov, J. Mater. Chem. 14, 1370–1376 (2004)

  17. 17.

    H. Zhang, G.C. Hardy, Y.Z. Khimyak, M.J. Rosseinsky, A.I. Cooper, Chem. Mater. 16, 4245–4256 (2004)

  18. 18.

    S.D. Kimmins, N.R. Cameron, Adv. Funct. Mater. 21, 211–225 (2011)

  19. 19.

    A. Imhof, D.J. Pine, Adv. Mater. 10, 697–700 (1998)

  20. 20.

    T. Sen, G.J.T. Tiddy, J.L. Casci, M.W. Anderson, Chem. Commun. 2003, 2182–2183 (2003)

  21. 21.

    B.P. Binks, Adv. Mater. 14, 1824 (2002)

  22. 22.

    H. Zhang, G.C. Hardy, M.J. Rosseinsky, A.I. Cooper, Adv. Mater. 15, 78–81 (2003)

  23. 23.

    M. Destribats, B. Faure, M. Birot, O. Babot, V. Schmitt, R. Beckov, Adv. Funct. Mater. 22, 2642–2654 (2012)

  24. 24.

    J. Guo, Y. Lu, R. Whiting, Bull Korean Chem. Soc. 34, 447 (2013)

  25. 25.

    F. Audouin, A. Heise, Polymer 55, 403–409 (2014)

  26. 26.

    J. Hwang, C. Jo, K. Hur, J. Lim, S. Kim, J. Lee, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136, 16066–16072 (2014)

  27. 27.

    C. Triantafilllidis, M.S. Elsaesser, N. Husing, Chem. Soc. Rev. 42, 3833–3846 (2013)

  28. 28.

    J. Zha, H. Roggendorf, Sol–gel science, C.J. Brinker, G.W. Scherer, Ed. Academic Press, Boston, p. 908 (1990)

  29. 29.

    T.R. Pauly, Y. Liu, T.J. Pinnavaia, S.J.L. Billinge, T.P. Ricker, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 8835–8842 (1999)

  30. 30.

    F. Carn, A. Colin, M. Achard, H. Deleuze, Z. Saadi, R. Beckov, Adv. Mater. 16, 140–144 (2004)

  31. 31.

    R.J. Carnachan, M. Bokhari, S.A. Przyborski, N.R. Cameron, Soft Matter 2, 608–616 (2006)

  32. 32.

    J. Normatov, M.S. Silverstein, Polymer 48, 6648–6655 (2007)

  33. 33.

    K.S.W. Sing, Pure Appl. Chem. 54, 2201–22l8 (1982)

  34. 34.

    P. Schmidt-Winke, W.W. Lukens, P.D. Yang, D.I. Margolese, J.S. Lettow, J.Y. Ying, G.D. Stucky, Chem. Mater. 12, 686–696 (2000)

  35. 35.

    B.H.L. Oh, A.I. Bismarck, M.B. Chan-Park, Biomacromology 15, 1777–1787 (2014)

  36. 36.

    H. Tai, A. Sergienko, M.S. Silverstein, Polymer 42, 4482–4483 (2001)

  37. 37.

    M.G. Friere, A.M. Dias, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 286, 224–232 (2005)

  38. 38.

    E.M. Christenson, W. Soofi, J.L. Holm, N.R. Cameron, A.G. Mikos, Biomacromology 8, 3806–3814 (2007)

  39. 39.

    A. Kabalnov, H. Wennerstrom, Langmuir 12, 276–292 (1996)

  40. 40.

    J.M. Williams, A.J. Gray, M.H. Wilkerson, Langmuir 6, 437–444 (1990)

  41. 41.

    L.L.C. Wong, P.M.B. Villafranca, A. Menner, A. Bismarck, Langmuir 29, 5952–5961 (2013)

Download references

Acknowledgements

The financial support from SERB, New Delhi vide sanction SB/S3/079/2014 is gratefully acknowledged.

Author information

Correspondence to Apparav Wale.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this article.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Wale, A., Nalawade, A., Ponrathnam, S. et al. One-pot synthesis of bimodal (macro-meso, micro-mesoporous) silica by polyHIPE: parameter studies. J Porous Mater 27, 263–275 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10934-019-00807-w

Download citation

Keywords

  • PolyHIPE
  • Polymer–silica hybrid
  • Porous silica
  • Mesoporous material