Hydrothermal synthesis of beta zeolite from industrial silica sol as silicon source

  • Zhen LiuEmail author
  • Liang Zhao
  • Tingting Zhang
  • Yu Wang
  • Yanyan Xu
  • Sridhar Komarneni
  • Yi Wang
  • Xinmei Liu
  • Zifeng YanEmail author


The traditional silicon sources for beta zeolite synthesis are solid silica gel, carbon-white or tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS), which makes the material cost even higher. Herein, beta zeolite synthesis by hydrothermal method with industrial silica sol as silicon source was investigated. The effects of synthesis conditions on product property were investigated in detail, including template content, crystallization temperature, crystallization time and alkalinity of hydrothermal system. The products properties, such as crystallinity, pore structure, morphology and acid properties were thoroughly characterized by XRD, N2 adsorption–desorption isotherm, SEM, TEM, Py-FTIR and NH3-TPD. The optimum condition for synthesis of beta zeolite using industrial silica sol as silicon source was finally determined. Compared with commercial beta zeolite, the as-synthesized beta zeolite had higher relative crystallinity, higher total and microporous specific surface area with higher total concentration and B/L ratio of acid sites.


Beta zeolite Template Silica sol Hydrothermal synthesis 



This work was financially supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (18CX02116A) and Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (ZR2017QB007).


  1. 1.
    R.L. Wadlinger, G.T. Kerr, E.J. Rosinski, US Patent US36431664A (1967)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. Newsam, M.M. Treacy, W. Koetsier, C. De Gruyter, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 420, 375 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S.M. Tomlinson, R.A. Jackson, C.R.A. Catlow, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 813 (1990)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J.B. Higgins, R.B. LaPierre, J.L. Schlenker, A.C. Rohrman, J.D. Wood, G.T. Kerr, W.J. Rohrbaugh, Zeolites 8, 446 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    X.M. Pang, Q.W. Liu, X.H. Wang, Y. Cui, X. Xing, C.Y. Guo, Q. Wang, Z.F. Li, F.Y. Li, CIESC J. 67, 3415 (2016)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    K. Tarach, K. Góra-Marek, J. Tekla, K. Brylewska, J. Datka, K. Mlekodaj, W. Makowski, M.C. Igualada López, J.M. Triguero, F. Rey, J. Catal. 312, 46 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Y. Wu, F. Tian, J. Liu, D. Song, C. Jia, Y. Chen, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 162, 168 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    G. Bellussi, G. Pazzuconi, C. Perego, G. Girotti, G. Terzoni, J. Catal. 157, 227 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S.R. Kirumakki, N. Nagaraju, K.V.R. Chary, Appl. Catal. A 299, 185 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    T. Hu, J. Chen, H. Wang, J. Ma, M. Wei, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 94, 283 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    C. Manrique, A. Guzmán, J. Pérez-Pariente, C. Márquez-Álvarez, A. Echavarría, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 234, 347 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    K. Möller, B. Yilmaz, U. Müller, T. Bein, Chem. Mater. 23, 4301 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. Jon, B. Lu, Y. Oumi, K. Itabashi, T. Sano, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 89, 88 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Y. Yao, F. Cao, J. Gu, Y. Wu, Y. Zhou, J. Wang, J. Porous Mater. 20, 891 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    L.H. Zuo, G.H. Liu, Acta Petrol. Sin. 16, 76 (2000)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Z. Xie, Q. Chen, B. Chen, C. Zhang, Cryst. Eng. 4, 359–372 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. Abraham, S.-H. Lee, C.-H. Shin, S.B. Hong, R. Prins, J.A. Bokhoven, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 3031 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemical Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing, Key Laboratory of Catalysis, CNPCChina University of PetroleumQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Materials Research InstituteThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  3. 3.Lanzhou Petrochemical Research Center, Petrochemical Research InstitutePetroChina Company LimitedLanzhouPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations