A novel bi-functional metal/solid acid catalyst for the direct reductive amination of nitroarenes synthesized on a resistant mesoporous carbon (CMK-8) support

  • Roozbeh Javad KalbasiEmail author
  • Seyedeh Fardokht Rezayi


A metal–acid bi-functional catalyst based on nickel nanoparticles and polystyrene sulfonic acid chains anchored on ordered mesoporous carbon CMK-8 was synthesized through a simple method. This nanocomposite was condignly exploited as a novel metal–solid acid bi-functional heterogeneous catalyst for the one-pot direct reductive amination of aldehydes with nitroarenes. NaBH4 was used as a mild reducing agent under catalytic hydrogen transfer route. Excellent yields at room temperature and short reaction time in a safe combinatorial solvent (ethanol–H2O) achieved thanks to the nickel metals and the acidic nature of polymer incorporated in mesoporous channels of CMK-8. The structural properties of the synthesized catalyst were characterized by FT-IR, XRD, TEM, BET, DRS-UV, EDX-Mapping and ICP techniques. Besides being eco-friendly, the method has several advantages such as simple work-up procedure and moderate to high-yield. Reusability of the catalyst explicates the acceptable stability of the nanocomposite after ten runs without noticeable loss of activity.


Mesoporous carbon Bi-functional catalyst Heterogeneous catalyst Direct reductive amination Catalytic hydrogen transfer 



The authors would like to acknowledge financial support by Kharazmi University.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10934_2018_666_MOESM1_ESM.docx (991 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 991 KB)


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of ChemistryKharazmi UniversityTehranIran

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