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Journal of Paleolimnology

, Volume 61, Issue 3, pp 329–343 | Cite as

Palaeoenvironmental changes in the Lower Gondwana succession of the Godavari Graben (South India) inferred from palynofacies

  • Neha AggarwalEmail author
  • Biswajeet Thakur
  • Neerja Jha
Original paper

Abstract

The present study aims to provide the palaeoenvironmental reconstruction of freshwater sequences in the Lingala-Koyagudem Coalbelt of the Godavari Graben, using palynofacies. The palynofacies analysis was conducted on 57 samples from borehole MMK-19 (Mamakannu) and MLG-23 (Gundala) from the Lower Gondwana successions of the Godavari Graben. Palynofacies/Sedimentary Organic Matter (SOM) were analyzed quantitatively, and cluster analysis was performed on different percentages of SOM to obtain zones for the depositional pattern in the lake deposit. The work is based on the hypothesis that huge coal bearing lacustrine deposits developed during the Gondwana time-span and these coal formations need to be fully understood in terms of the palynofacies to provide insight into the physical and biological processes. Based on the dominance and sub-dominance of the existing Sedimentary Organic Matter, four (A–D), distinct palynofacies units were identified, representing the differential environmental setting in the lake. The palynofacies components are dominated by terrestrial palynomorphs, structured terrestrial particles, black oxidized particles (charcoal) and degraded terrestrial particles, respectively. The Palynofacies A has been attributed to the freshwater peat environment in a low energy setting; Palynofacies B has been inferred under shortly transported (high percentage of wood particles) large terrestrial influx in oxidizing environments; Palynofacies C indicates the redeposition of organic matter from fluvio-deltaic settings (oxic); Palynofacies D reflects low energy freshwater swamps (dysoxic-anoxic). The data demonstrate the combination of lacustrine and fluvio-deltaic depositional environments. The stratigraphic distribution of the four distinct palynofacies assemblages (A–D) indicates their deposition from terrestrial to the aquatic ecosystem. The findings in the Gundala deposits took place in the continental part as compared to the Mamakannu succession which sourced more towards the aquatic regime as Palynofacies A is more frequent in the Gundala deposits as compared to Mamakannu.

Keywords

Palynofacies Lower Gondwana Godavari Graben Permian Palaeoenvironment India 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors are grateful to the Director, Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences, Lucknow for providing working facilities and granting permission (Permission No. BSIP/RDCC/38/2017-2018) to publish the results. Authors also express their sincere thanks to the editor and anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments to improve the quality of this manuscript. Thanks are extended to the authorities of Singareni Collieries Company Limited (SCCL) and Mineral Exploration Corporation Limited (MECL) for the permission to collect the samples.

Supplementary material

10933_2018_62_MOESM1_ESM.docx (61 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 62 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Birbal Sahni Institute of PalaeosciencesLucknowIndia

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