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Physiologically-based modeling and interspecies prediction of paclitaxel pharmacokinetics

  • Xiaowei Zang
  • Leonid Kagan
Original Paper

Abstract

The objective was to develop a physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model to characterize the whole-body disposition of paclitaxel (formulated in Cremophor EL and ethanol—Taxol®) in mice and to evaluate the utility of this model for predicting pharmacokinetics in other species. Published studies that reported paclitaxel plasma and tissue concentration–time data following single intravenous bolus administration of Taxol® to mice were used; and the PBPK model included plasma, liver, lungs, kidneys, spleen, heart, gastrointestinal tract, and remainder compartments. The final model resulted in a good description of the experimental plasma and tissues data in mice, where all tissues were represented by a single compartment, except the remainder that included two sub-compartments. The predictive performance of the PBPK model was assessed by evaluating its utility in predicting pharmacokinetics of paclitaxel in rats and humans. The relationship between species body weights (mice, rats, rabbits, and humans) and plasma clearance was determined by power-based regression, and resulting allometric exponent was 0.86. The model demonstrated reasonable predictions of plasma and tissue paclitaxel concentration–time profiles in rats and plasma profiles in humans. The proposed PBPK model represents an important basis that can be further utilized for characterization of novel formulations of paclitaxel.

Keywords

Allometric scaling Taxol Tissue distribution Modeling and simulation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported in part by the R01 grant (CA209818) from the National Institute of Health. The authors would like to thank Dr. Luigi Brunetti, Dr. Helene Chapy, Ms. Manting Chiang, and Ms. Xizhe Gao for their insightful comments.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pharmaceutics, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, RutgersThe State University of New JerseyPiscatawayUSA

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