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Development of Poly(lactic acid) Nanocomposites Reinforced with Hydrophobized Bacterial Cellulose

  • Jhon Alejandro Ávila Ramírez
  • Jimena Bovi
  • Celina Bernal
  • María Inés Errea
  • María Laura ForestiEmail author
Original paper
  • 22 Downloads

Abstract

Poly(lactic acid)/bacterial cellulose nanocomposites were prepared by solvent casting. Aiming to reduce the incompatibility between polar bacterial cellulose (BC) and the nonpolar poly(lactic acid) (PLA) matrix which induces filler aggregation and poor reinforcement dispersion, BC was acetylated by the use of a non-conventional route catalyzed by citric acid. The derivatized BC (AcBC) was incorporated into de PLA matrix at varying filler loadings, and optical, morphological, structural, thermal, tensile and barrier (water vapor) properties of PLA/AcBC in comparison with PLA/BC were evaluated. Noticeable changes in the nanocomposite properties were ascribed to the success of the route proposed to surface hydrophobize BC, which significantly improved its dispersibility within the PLA matrix and the matrix-filler interaction. By the way, the variation of filler loading allowed attaining remarkable increases in the nanocomposite films stiffness without significant reductions in tensile strength and water vapor permeability.

Keywords

Bacterial cellulose Acetylation Poly(lactic acid) Nanocomposites Filler content 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors acknowledge Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET- PIP 11220150100660CO), University of Buenos Aires (UBACyT 20020170100696BA) and Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (PICT 0843 2016 – PRESTAMO BID) for financial support.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors confirm that this article content has no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jhon Alejandro Ávila Ramírez
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jimena Bovi
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Celina Bernal
    • 3
    • 4
  • María Inés Errea
    • 1
  • María Laura Foresti
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Centro de Ingeniería del Medio Ambiente (CIMA), Instituto Tecnológico de Buenos Aires (ITBA)Buenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Grupo de Biotecnología y Materiales Biobasados, Instituto de Tecnología en Polímeros y Nanotecnología (ITPN-UBA-CONICET), Facultad de IngenieríaUniversidad de Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)Buenos AiresArgentina
  4. 4.Grupo de Propiedades Mecánicas y Fractura, Instituto de Tecnología en Polímeros y Nanotecnología (ITPN-UBA-CONICET), Facultad de IngenieríaUniversidad de Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina

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