Synthesis and Performance Evaluation of Unsaturated Polyester Blends of Resins and Its Application on Non-woven/Fabric Jute Fibers Reinforced Composites

  • Nilakshi KakatiEmail author
  • Edja F. Assanvo
  • Dipul Kalita
Original paper


The present study focuses on the generation of eco-friendly value added product by utilizing bio-based material as reinforced and matrix phase. Processing of soy and alkyd resin as matrix was carried out by utilization of soy flour and Ricinodendron heudelotii oil, followed essential modification in few inferior properties of soy flour resin by blending with alkyd resin. Separate sets of resin were prepared by maintaining 0%, 5% and 10% of alkyd resin in 100 g of soy flour resin respectively in each set to attain a comparative study on performance of prepared sets of resin blend. Subsequently, performance evaluation of polyester blends was evaluated by processing with non-woven/fabric jute fibers reinforced composites. The blend of R. heudelotii oil based alkyd and soy-flour resin in processing of composites was the noval approach of the study. The resins blend were characterized by FT–IR, viscosity and zeta potential measurements while thermo-mechanical analyses, water absorbancy and surface analyses were performed in composites. Significant increases noticed in the viscosity of blend, the blend containing 10% alkyd resin is two times more viscous compared to soy-flour resin. Furthermore, improvement in properties including water absorption, thermo-mechanical properties and better fiber-matrix interfacial adhesion of the composite could be observed. Higher glass transition temperature Tg value i.e. 126.8 °C obtained for composites with 10% blend as matrix might emphasizes on increase of the degree of cross linking provided by the α-eleostearic fatty acid chain moiety. The enhancements in properties indicate extending opportunities for fiber-reinforced composites in several industries including building material, furniture, aerospace, nano etc.


Blend Resin Composite Ricinodendron heudelotii oil Soyflour 



The authors wish to thank Director, CSIR-NEIST, Jorhat for permission to publish the manuscript. NK expresses her heartfelt thanks to DST, Govt. of India for INSPIRE Fellowship.


Funding was provided by Department of Science and Technology, India (Grant No. DST/INSPIRE Fellowship/2013/27).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR)CSIR-North East Institute of Science and TechnologyJorhatIndia
  2. 2.Cellulose Pulp & Paper Group, Material Sciences & Technology DivisionCSIR-North East Institute of Science and TechnologyJorhatIndia
  3. 3.Laboratoire de Thermodynamique et de Physico-Chimie du MilieuUFR-SFA, Université NanguiAbidjan 02Côte d’Ivoire

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