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Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 27, Issue 11, pp 2334–2340 | Cite as

A New Study on Characterization and Properties of Natural Fibers Obtained from Olive Tree (Olea europaea L.) Residues

  • Basheer A. Alshammari
  • Majed D. Alotaibi
  • Othman Y. Alothman
  • M. R. Sanjay
  • Lau Kia Kian
  • Zeyad Almutairi
  • Mohammad JawaidEmail author
Original paper
  • 35 Downloads

Abstract

Nowadays, fibers extracted from natural resources have a wide range of promising applications, including the prospect to be used as reinforcing material in polymer composites. In this context, the purpose of this study has been to extract fibers from different parts of the olive tree (leaves, small and large branches) and characterize their physico-chemical, thermal, and morphological properties using advanced equipment. Olive leaf (OL) fiber showed asymmetrical size distribution, as compared to those extracted from small olive branches (OSS), and big olive branches (OBS). The OL fiber exhibited 64.1% crystallinity, which is lower than that of the OSS fiber—with 65.4% crystallinity. Thermal analysis revealed that the OBS and OSS fibers are more thermally stable, compared to the OL fibers. The obtained results concluded that olive tree fibers can be suitable for being used as reinforcement material to develop polymer composites for various lightweight applications.

Keywords

Olive tree Chemical composition Structural properties Morphological properties Thermal properties 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors extend their appreciation to the International Scientific Partnership Program ISPP at King Saud University for funding this research work through ISPP-0011. We also thank King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) for the support.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Materials Science Research InstituteKing Abdulaziz City for Science and TechnologyRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Life Science and Environmental Research InstituteKing Abdulaziz City for Science and TechnologyRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Department of Chemical Engineering, College of EngineeringKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.Department of Mechanical EngineeringRamaiah Institute of TechnologyBengaluruIndia
  5. 5.Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of EngineeringKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  6. 6.Department of Biocomposite Technology, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP)Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)SerdangMalaysia

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