Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 27, Issue 11, pp 2325–2333 | Cite as

Effect of the Processing-Induced Morphology on the Mechanical Properties of Biodegradable Extruded Films Based on Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) Blends

  • Mathilde Siccardi
  • Xoan Xosé Garcia-Fonte
  • Antoine Simon
  • Valeria Pettarin
  • María José Abad
  • Celina BernalEmail author
Original Paper


Biodegradable films based on poly(lactic acid) blends were obtained by cast extrusion. Their tensile and fracture behavior was investigated and the effect of the processing conditions through the extrusion rolling speed on this behavior was analyzed. In uniaxial tensile tests, all films presented completely ductile behavior exhibiting a defined yield point, strain softening after this point and a plateau before fracture. Fracture behavior was determined through quasi-static fracture tests on deeply double edge notched tensile specimens. The film obtained at the lowest rolling speed exhibited completely ductile behavior hence, the Essential Work of Fracture methodology was applied to characterize its fracture. The film processed at intermediate rolling speed, on the other hand, presented ductile fracture or ductile instability depending on the ligament length and the film obtained with the highest rolling speed exhibited a transition regime fracture. In order to compare the fracture behavior of the different films, the J-integral at maximum load Jmax was adopted. Differences in the films fracture behavior were correlated to the processing-induced morphology.


Biodegradable polymers Poly(lactic acid) Polymer blends Mechanical properties Processing-induced morphology 



The authors want to thank the National Research Council of Argentina (CONICET) and the University of Buenos Aires (UBACyT 20020130200282BA) for financial support of this investigation.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors confirm that this article content has no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de IngenieríaBuenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Grupo de Propiedades Mecánicas y Fractura, Instituto de Tecnología en Polímeros y Nanotecnología (ITPN-UBA-CONICET)Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de IngenieríaBuenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.Grupo de Polímeros, Universidad de A Coruña, Centro de Investigaciones TecnológicasEscuela Universitaria PolitécnicaFerrolSpain
  4. 4.Grupo de Ciencia e Ingeniería de PolímerosINTEMA (UNMdP-CONICET)Mar del PlataArgentina

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