Biomass Derived Antimicrobial Hybrid Cellulose Hydrogel with Green ZnO Nanoparticles for Curcumin Delivery and its Kinetic Modelling

  • B. Anagha
  • Dhanya George
  • P. Uma Maheswari
  • K. M. Meera Sheriffa BegumEmail author
Original paper


Regenerated cellulose obtained from sugarcane bagasse was used for hydrogel preparation using epichlorohydrin (crosslinker) and green zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZNPs) which were phytosynthesised from musk melon seed extract. The synthesised ZNPs were characterised using FESEM and EDAX. The swelling capacity of the hydrogel was determined by swelling measurements. For drug delivery studies from hydrogel, curcumin was selected as the model drug for its appealing anticancer and antimicrobial activity. The presence of ZNPs and curcumin in the hybrid hydrogel was analysed using FTIR, XRD, TGA and SEM analysis. The drug loading efficiency was optimised by Taguchi method. The drug release studies were performed under varying pH and initial drug loading concentration. The kinetic studies showed the best fit with case II type of transport with polymer swelling as the drug release mechanism. Antimicrobial activity for curcumin loaded hybrid hydrogel and pure cellulose hydrogel was performed using Staphylococcus aureus (bacteria) and Trichophyton rubrum (fungi). Thus, the developed curcumin loaded biomass derived hybrid hydrogel could find potential application towards skin infective applications.


Cellulose ZnO nanoparticles Hybrid hydrogel Curcumin delivery Antimicrobial activity 



We express our sincere gratitude to National Institute of Technology—Tiruchirappalli for providing requisite infrastructure facilities to carry out this research work.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyTiruchirappalliIndia

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