Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Green Thermoplastic Elastomer Vulcanizate Nanocomposites Based on Poly (vinyl chloride) and Nitrile Butadiene Rubber Containing Organoclay and Rice Straw Natural Fibers
Green thermoplastic elastomer vulcanizates (GTPV) nanocomposites using poly (vinyl chloride) (PVC) and nitrile butadiene rubber (NBR) containing 5 wt% Cloisite 30B as an organoclay and various concentrations of rice straw natural fibers were made by melt mixing process and compression molding. The effect of used organoclay and various loadings of rice straw was monitored through using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), tensile tests and rheological measurements. The morphological investigations revealed that the GTPV nanocomposites reinforced by rice straw natural fiber show a more rough fracture surfaces indicated the existence of some interactions between the natural fiber and polymer matrix. Thermal decomposition measurements revealed a higher thermal stability for GTPV nanocomposites containing higher rice straw natural fibers. The tensile test analysis suggested that there is an optimum value for the weight fraction of rice straw to enhance the Young’s modulus and tensile strength of the prepared GTPV nanocomposites up to 9 MPa and 35 MPa, respectively. The effect of rice straw loading on the Young’s modulus of the PVC/NBR/organoclay GTPV nanocomposites was predicted through using the parallel and series equations of modified Ji’s model. The results show that the theoretical model can precisely predict the variation of Young’s modulus with respect to the rice straw loading.
KeywordsGreen nanocomposites Organoclay Rice straw Polyvinyl chloride Nitrile butadiene rubber Mechanical and thermal properties
- 4.Esmizadeh E, Naderi G, Ghoreishy MHR, Bakhshandeh GR (2011) Optimal parameter design by Taguchi method for mechanical properties of NBR/PVC nanocomposites. Iran Polym J 20(7):587Google Scholar
- 20.Paran S, Naderi G, Ghoreishy M, Heydari A (2018) Enhancement of mechanical, thermal and morphological properties of compatibilized graphene reinforced dynamically vulcanized thermoplastic elastomer vulcanizates based on polyethylene and reclaimed rubber. Compos Sci Technol 161:57–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 21.Paran SMR, Abdorahimi M, Shekarabi A, Khonakdar HA, Jafari SH, Saeb MR (2018) Modeling and analysis of nonlinear elastoplastic behavior of compatibilized polyolefin/polyester/clay nanocomposites with emphasis on interfacial interaction exploration. Compos Sci Technol 154:92–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar