Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 27, Issue 9, pp 1948–1958 | Cite as

Adsorption of Iron(III) and Copper(II) by Bacterial Cellulose from Rhodococcus sp. MI 2

  • Pariyaporn Yingkong
  • Somporn TanskulEmail author
Original Paper


Modified cellulose from the pellicle produced by Rhodococcus sp. MI 2 was more efficient at removing Fe(III) and Cu(II) from aqueous solution than similarly modified cellulose from Komagataeibar xylinus TISTR 998. This study first describes the modification of the cellulose to produce mercerized bacterial cellulose (MBC), phosphorylated bacterial cellulose (PBC), acid–base cellulose and diethylenetriamine bacterial cellulose (EABC). Their efficacy as adsorbents to adsorb Fe(III) and Cu(II) was then determined. In aqueous solution at pH 4 at initial Fe(III) concentration of 20 mg/L, PBC reached adsorption equilibrium within 195 min. At pH 5 in an initial Cu(II) concentration of 75 mg/L, EABC reached adsorption equilibrium within 210 min. Molecular structures and chemical bonds were examined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and physical morphologies by scanning electron microscopy. The adsorption kinetics of MBC, PBC and EABC showed good agreement with the proposed pseudo-second order model and the adsorption isotherm was best described by the Freundlich model. Our study determined optimal conditions, molecular structures, physical morphologies and adsorption kinetics. The cellulose produced by the new strain Rhodococcus sp. MI 2 was highly efficient at adsorbing and removing metal ions from aqueous solution.


Chemically modified bacterial cellulose Freundlich isotherm Kinetics Heavy metal adsorption Pseudo-second order 



This work was supported by the government budget of Prince of Songkla University, Thailand. The authors would like to thank Mr. Thomas Duncan Coyne and Ms. Anna Chatthong for assistance with the English.


  1. 1.
    Fergusson JE (1990) The heavy elements: chemistry, environmental impact and health effects. Pergamon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bradl H (2002) Heavy metals in the environment: origin, interaction and remediation. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    He ZL, Yang XE, Stoffella PJ (2005) J Trace Elem Med Biol 19(2–3):125–140Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shallari S, Schwartz C, Hasko A (1998) Sci Total Environ 19209:133–142Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nriagu JO (1989) Nature 338:47–49Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    WHO/FAO/IAEA (1996) Trace elements in human nutrition and health. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Stern BR (2010) Toxicol Environ Health A 73(2):114–127Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Harvey LJ, McArdle HJ (2008) Br J Nutr 99(S3):S10–S13Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry) (2002) Toxicological profile for copper. Centers for Disease Control, AtlantaGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Vuori K-M (1995) Annal Zoo Fennici 32:317–329Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tchounwou P, Newsome C, Williams J (2008) Met Ions Biol Med 10:285–290Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    USEPA (US Environmental Protection Agency) (2015) Regulated drinking water contaminants. USEPA, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry) (2015) Toxicological profiles, toxic substances portal. Department of Health and Human Services, AtlantaGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    EPA US (American Public Health Assoc US) (1993) Standard methods for the examination of water and waste-water. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Phippen B, Horvath C, Nordin R (2008) Ambient water quality guidelines for iron: overview. Ministry of Environment Province of British Columbia, NanaimoGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Becker M, Asch F (2005) J Plant Nutr Soil Sci 168:558–573Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Zhu MX, Lee L, Wang HH, Wang Z (2007) J Hazard Mater 149(3):735–741Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bayramoglu G, Altintas B, Arica MY (2009) Chem Eng J 152(2/3):339–346Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shu HY, Chang M-C, Yu H-H (2007) J Colloid Interface Sci 314(1):89–97Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yola M, Eren T, Atar N, Wang S (2013) Chem Eng J 242:333–340Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Chen S, Zou Y, Yan Z (2009) J Hazard Mater 161:1355–1359Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Li N, Bai RB (2005) Sep Purif Technol 42(3):237–247Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Oshima T, Kondo K, Ohto K (2008) Funct Polym 68:376–383Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Shen W, Chen S, Shi S (2009) Carbohydr Polym 75:110–114Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Tanskul S, Amornthatree K, Jaturonlak N (2013) Carbohydr Polym 92:421–428Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Tanskul S, Damthongsen T, Jaturonlak N (2018) Biosci J 34(3):666–673Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Chen S, Shen W, Yu F (2010) J Appl Polym Sci 117:8–15Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Lagergren S (1898) K Sven Vetenskapsakad Handl 24(4):1–39Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Basurco J, Torem ML (2010) Chem Eng J 161(1):1–8Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Vijayakumar G, Tamilarasan R, Dharmendirakumar M (2012) J Mater Environ Sci 3(1):157–170Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Takagai Y, Shibata A, Kiyokawa S, Takase T (2011) J Colloid Interface Sci 353(2):593–597Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Hokkanen S, Repo E, Sillanpää M (2013) Chem Eng J 223:40–47Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Nakamoto K (1977) Infrared and Raman spectra of inorganic and coordination compounds, 3rd edn. Wiley-Interscience, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Hameed BH (2008) J Hazard Mater 154(1–3):204–212Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Molecular Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Faculty of SciencePrince of Songkla UniversitySongkhlaThailand

Personalised recommendations