Effect of Rice Husk Derived Nanosilica on the Structure, Properties and Biodegradability of Corn-Starch/LDPE Composites

  • Deepshikha Datta
  • Gopinath HalderEmail author
Original Paper


Development of material with enhanced mechanical properties and biodegradability by the incorporation of synthesized inorganic nanostructured mesoporous silica from rice husk has been investigated. The produced nanosilica (≈ 25 nm and 213.045 m2/g surface area) and nanosilica blended LDPE/starch composites were extensively characterised by SEM, FTIR, XRD, XRF, TEM, EDAX and TGA analysis. The low cost of production estimated, ensures its feasibility toward large scale application. The addition of nanosilica into the matrix led to the enhancement of Young’s modulus and stiffness by a value of 535.6 MPa and 32172.81 N/m respectively at 3% nanosilica content, thereby enhancing the initial rigidity and resistivity towards deformation making a better biodegradable substitute in terms of initial application range. The MFI and hardness value also increased with increase of silica content upto 1.5% and 2% respectively to 7.23 g/10 min and 42 (Shor D). Increase in nanofiller content improved the value of degradation rate constant (k) of the weight loss data plot in both vegetable waste and garden soil environment. The addition of 1.5% of nanosilica to a blend of 80% LDPE and 20% starch showed almost the same biodegradation rate as that without nanosilica but with superior mechanical properties and applicability range.


Nanosilica Starch Biodegradability Young’s modulus Stiffness 



Authors express their thankfulness to the technical persons of Central Institute of Plastic Engineering & Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha for their immense support towards indigenous preparation of biodegradable film. The financial support from the Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of West Bengal through the research project ST/P/S&T/IG-9/2016 is gratefully acknowledged.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyDurgapurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Polymer ScienceCentral Institute of Plastic Engineering and TechnologyBhubaneswarIndia

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