Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 434–443 | Cite as

Properties of Agricultural Films Prepared from Biodegradable Poly(Butylene Succinate) Adding Natural Sorbent and Fertilizer

  • Nattakarn HongsriphanEmail author
  • Arak Pinpueng
Original Paper


Lemon basil (LB) seeds are natural sorbent that would be a good candidate to apply for agricultural application. This study developed a new composite material by compounding biodegradable poly(butylene succinate) (PBS) with grinded LB particles (5, 10, 15 and 20 wt%) and hot pressing into composite films. Ammonium sulfate of 10 phr was loaded as fertilizer. Mechanical and thermal properties as well as moisture sorption and ammonium ion release in water of the composite films were investigated. Composites were characterized by FTIR and SEM. It was found that moisture sorption was enhanced dramatically with respect to LB content. The improved sorption allowed ammonium sulfate to be released faster but reached equilibrium at lower concentration, which the sorption kinetics was fit well following the Pseudo-second order model. Biodegradation of composite films was found to improve in the soil burial test. Nevertheless, adding these fillers caused composite films to be more brittle.


Agricultural film Poly(butylene succinate) Natural sorbent Moisture sorption Fertilizer 



The authors would like to thank The Center of Excellence on Petrochemical and Materials Technology (PETROMAT), Thailand for research funding and student scholarship. Also, the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Technology, Silpakorn University was appreciated for instrument support throughout the research.

Supplementary material

10924_2018_1358_MOESM1_ESM.docx (830 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 829 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Industrial TechnologySilpakorn UniversityNakhon PathomThailand

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