Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 225–233 | Cite as

A Novel Environmentally Friendly Biopolymer Product from Gelatin and Natural Rubber: Effect of Bagasse Fiber and Urea

  • Sa-Ad RiyajanEmail author
  • Anongnad Teprak
Original Paper


The objective of the work described was to study the preparation of a novel polymer composite from gelatin (GT), natural rubber (NR) and bagasse cellulose (BC) using potassium persulphate as an initiator, and urea (U) as a plasticizer. The results showed that the moisture content, moisture absorption and swelling ratio decreased as a function of the BC content in the polymer composite. Further, the moisture content and the moisture absorption tended to increase with increasing U content, while the contact angle of the sample decreased with increasing U. The highest elongation at break was found with 2% BC. Moreover, the elongation at break and swelling ratio was also enhanced after the addition of U, and good BC dispersion in the polymer matrix was also confirmed by SEM. Finally, the biodegradation of the GT/NR composite was around 60% after burial in natural soil for 30 days.


Rubber Composite Blend Latex Waste Modification Blend Gelatin 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by Thammasat University Research Fund under the TU Research Scholar, Contract No. 2/50/2018, the Center of Scientific Equipment for Advanced Research, Thammasat University and the Center of Scientific Equipment, Faculty of Science and Technology, Thammasat University. This study was financially supported by The Thailand Research Fund/Prince of Songkla University/Thammasat University (RSA5780018) and by Thammasat University.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and TechnologyThammasat UniversityKhlong NuengThailand

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