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Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp 19–36 | Cite as

Chitosan–Gelatin @ Tin (IV) Tungstatophosphate Nanocomposite Ion Exchanger: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications in Environmental Remediation

  • Kuljit Kaur
  • Rajeev JindalEmail author
  • Riteeka Tanwar
Original Paper
  • 43 Downloads

Abstract

The present study reported the synthesis of novel organic–inorganic hybrid nanocomposite by incorporating tin (IV) based ion exchanger into the hybrid polymer network of chitosan and gelatin prepared under vacuum for the efficient removal of heavy metal ions and toxic dyes from an aqueous fluid. The physicochemical studies such as ion exchange capacity (IEC), chemical stability, thermal stability, pH titration and distribution behaviour studies were also carried out to determine the cation exchange behaviour of the material. The surface morphology and structural properties were studied by the techniques such as FTIR, FESEM, EDS, TEM and XRD. Distribution studies confirmed the synthesized CG/STPNC had the highest selectivity for Pb2+ ions (85.3 mL/g). Maximum adsorption of methylene blue (82%) was achieved within 240 min at 500 mg of adsorbent dose, 10 mg/L of the initial concentration of dye, pH of 7 and 30 °C of temperature. Adsorption kinetic data fitted well with pseudo-second order rate model with R2 = 0.995. The correlation value 0.95 and favourable RL = 0.21 of adsorption data suggested better fit for Langmuir adsorption. Thus the synthesized nanocomposite ion exchanger was found to be a promising cation exchanger as well as an adsorbent for heavy metal ion and dye removal from textile industrial effluents.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Nanocomposite Ion exchanger Heavy metals Methylene blue and ion exchange capacity 

Abbreviations

C

Chitosan

G

Gelatin

HPN

Hybrid polymer network

GLA

Gluteraldehyde

IEC

Ion exchange capacity

CG/STPNC

Chitosan–gelatin/Sn(iv)tungstatophosphate nanocomposite

STP

Sn (IV) tungstatophosphate

MB

Methylene blue

Notes

Acknowledgements

One of the authors is highly grateful to MHRD for providing financial assistance to carry out research. The author is also thankful to Instrumentation Centre, IIT Roorkee, Materials research centre, MNIT Jaipur, SAIF facility, Punjab University, Chandigarh for different characterization of samples and DST-FIST for providing financial assistance for the procurement of equipment like FTIR and UV–Visible spectrophotometer used in the characterization of the samples.

Compliance with ethical standards

Data availability

The raw/processed data required to reproduce these findings cannot be shared at this time as the data also forms part of an ongoing study.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryDr B R Ambedkar National Institute of TechnologyJalandharIndia

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