Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 26, Issue 11, pp 4233–4242 | Cite as

The Removal of Acid Violet 90 from Aqueous Solutions Using PANI and PANI/Clinoptilolite Composites: Isotherm and Kinetics

  • Filiz AktiEmail author
  • Mujgan Okur
Original Paper


Polyaniline (PANI) and polyaniline/Gördes-clinoptilolite (PANI/GC) composite materials were synthesized by the chemical oxidative polymerization technique and used in the adsorption of Acid Violet 90 metal-complex dye (AV 90). The samples were characterized by X-ray diffractions, nitrogen adsorption–desorption isotherms, scanning electron microscopes and Fourier transform infrared. The effect of initial pH (2–8), sorbent dosage (0.5–4.0 g/L) and initial dye concentrations (50400 mg/L) on adsorption onto PANI and PANI/GC were examined in a batch system. Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin isotherm models were used to investigate the adsorption mechanism of AV 90 on PANI and PANI/GC. Langmuir isotherm model for PANI/GC and Freundlich isotherm model for PANI were fitted well with the experimental data. The highest dye uptake capacities were obtained with Langmuir isotherm model as 153.85 mg/g and 72.46 mg/g for PANI and PANI/GC, respectively. In order to determine the adsorption kinetics, pseudo first-order and second-order kinetic models were studied. As a result, the adsorption of AV 90 dye on PANI and PANI/GC was better identified with Pseudo second-order kinetic model than the first one.


Polyaniline Clinoptilolite Adsorption Acid Violet 90 metal-complex dye 



This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringHitit UniversityÇorumTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringGazi UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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