Journal of Polymers and the Environment

, Volume 26, Issue 11, pp 4271–4281 | Cite as

Influence of Selected Treatment on Tensile Properties of Short Pineapple Leaf Fiber Reinforced Tapioca Resin Biopolymer Composites

  • Jamiluddin Jaafar
  • Januar Parlaungan SiregarEmail author
  • Mohd Bijarimi Mat Piah
  • Tezara Cionita
  • Sharmiza Adnan
  • Teuku Rihayat
Original Paper


This work reports the influence of various treatments of pineapple leaf fibers (PALF) reinforced tapioca biopolymer (TBP) on the tensile properties. Three different treatments were selected, such as maleic anhydride polypropylene (MAPP) compatibility, maleic anhydride polyethylene (MAPE) compatibility and alkali treatment. Samples with 10% of PALF composition with different concentrations of MAPP and MAPE (1%, 3%, 5% and 7% by weight) and samples with three different treatments were prepared with different PALF compositions (10%, 20%, 30% and 40% by weight). Results revealed that PALF–TBP with 7% of MAPP showed the highest tensile strength and good interfacial adhesion with the matrix as evidenced by the Scanning electron microscopy analysis. Moreover, the chemical analysis by Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy demonstrated that the MAPP had improved the PALF compatibility and matrix interfaces. Findings suggested that PALF–TBP composites have a great potential to be used for products in engineering applications.


Tapioca biopolymer Pineapple leaf fiber Coupling agent Alkali treatment Natural fiber composites 



The authors wish to thanks the Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education (Grant No.: RDU140120) for funding the research through the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) with Grant Number FRGS/1/2014/TK04/UMP/02/4. The authors are also obliged to express their gratitude to Universiti Malaysia Pahang for generously providing essential laboratory facilities.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Structural Materials and Degradation Focus Group, Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringUniversiti Malaysia PahangPekanMalaysia
  2. 2.Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources EngineeringUniversiti Malaysia PahangKuantanMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Quantity SurveyingINTI International UniversityNilaiMalaysia
  4. 4.Pulp and Paper Laboratory, Forest Products DivisionForest Research Institute MalaysiaKepongMalaysia
  5. 5.Chemical Engineering DepartmentPoliteknik Negeri LhokseumaweLhokseumaweIndonesia

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